• Cow-Calf Response to Stocking Rates, Grazing Systems, and Winter Supplementation at the Texas Experimental Ranch

      Heitschmidt, R. K.; Kothmann, M. M.; Rawlins, W. J. (Society for Range Management, 1982-03-01)
      Cow-calf performance from 1960 through 1978 was contrasted between three grazing treatments at the Texas Experimental Ranch. Grazing treatments were yearlong continuous stocked at annual rates averaging 5.1 and 7.6 ha/cow and a 4-pasture, 3-herd deferred rotation system stocked at an annual rate averaging 7.2 ha/cow. Averaged across three weighing periods, cows in the deferred rotation treatment averaged 447 kg while weight of cows in the heavily and moderately stocked continuous treatments averaged 427 and 438 kg, respectively. Calf weaning weights averaged 204, 212, and 217 kg for the heavy continuous, moderate continuous, and Merrill rotation treatments, respectively. Production-/cow averaged 182, 189, and 202 kg while production/ha averaged 35.9, 25.2, and 27.8 kg, respectively, for the heavy continuous, moderate continuous, and deferred rotation treatments. Cows fed winter supplement were significantly heavier in early spring and summer than nonsupplemented cows with no significant differences in weights by late summer. Supplemented cows weaned calves averaging 214 kg as compared to 208 kg for calves weaned from nonsupplemented cows. Winter supplementation significantly increased production in the heavily stocked treatment but not in either of the moderately stocked treatments. Numerous statistically significant interactions accompanied the significant main effects, and the biological significance of each was examined.