• Cattle Diets in the Blue Mountains of Oregon II. Forests

      Holechek, J. L.; Vavra, M.; Skovlin, J.; Krueger, W. C. (Society for Range Management, 1982-03-01)
      Esophageally fistulated cows were used on forested range in northeastern Oregon to collect diet samples which were then analyzed by the microhistological technique. Grasses, forbs, and shrubs averaged 61, 16, and 23% of the diet, respectively. Composition of diets differed among years and with seasonal advance. Idaho fescue and elk sedge were the most important forage species consumed. Forbs were used heavily in the early part of the grazing season before maturation. Browse comprised as much as 47% of the diet when green grass was unavailable. Cattle were opportunistic grazers and did not limit their selection to grass species. On forested ranges cattle diets varied among grazing periods within each year as well as among years.
    • Effects of Precipitation Variance on Annual Growth of 14 Species of Browse Shrubs In Southeastern Oregon

      Kindschy, R. R. (Society for Range Management, 1982-03-01)
      Growth response of 14 species of shrubs to precipitation occurring between September and June was measured during a 15-year period. Vegetative production was found to be significantly corrolated (p = 0.01) to precipitation. Regression analysis of 3,750 measurements of annual growth enabled the development of linear equations which may be used by habitat managers to forecast shrub browse production expressed as a percentage of normal production.