• Feral Horse Demography: A Preliminary Report

      Wolfe, M. L. (Society for Range Management, 1980-09-01)
      The demographic characteristics of 18 feral horse (Equus caballus) populations in five states are discussed. As estimated primarily from the results of composition counts, foals comprised an average 19 percent (post-parturition) of the populations analyzed. Various procedures were employed in an attempt to estimate survival rates within the populations. Provisional estimates of first-year survival rates span the general range of 50-70 percent, while those for adults may approximate 80-85 percent. Annual rates of increase, predicted from simulation runs with the estimated population parameters, were considerably lower than those "observed" from aerial inventories in successive years. Possible explanations for these discrepancies and management implications are discussed.