Welcome to the Rangeland Ecology & Management archives. The journal Rangeland Ecology & Management (RE&M; v58, 2005-present) is the successor to the Journal of Range Management (JRM; v. 1-57, 1948-2004.) The archives provide public access, in a "rolling window" agreement with the Society for Range Management, to both titles (JRM and RE&M), from v.1 up to five years from the present year.

The most recent years of RE&M are available through membership in the Society for Range Management (SRM). Membership in SRM is a means to access current information and dialogue on rangeland management.

Your institution may also have access to current issues through library or institutional subscriptions.

Print ISSN: 0022-409x

Online ISSN: 1550-7424


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  • Yield and N Uptake by Seven Perennial Grass Species as Affected by High Rates of N Fertilizer

    Lutwick, L. E.; Smith, A. D. (Society for Range Management, 1979-11-01)
    Seven species of grass were grown on plots to which N had been applied at progressively increasing rates (0 to 775 kg N/ha) to reach and exceed those required for maximum yields. Yield of hay and protein in all seven grasses increased with N fertilizer. Recoveries of N were only 12 to 31% when applied once, and 8 to 14% when applied every year. Because these recoveries are considered to be uneconomical, massive rates of N fertilizer are not recommended. Intermediate wheatgrass produced the most hay and protein. All seven grasses responded most to applied N in the first 2 years after application, regardless of age of stand.
  • Winter Cold Damage to Bitterbrush Related to Spring Sheep Grazing

    Jensen, C. H.; Urness, P. J. (Society for Range Management, 1979-05-01)
    Sub-freezing winter cold occasionally causes extensive damage to rangeland shrubs. Bitterbrush (Purshia tridentata) was damaged in northern Utah during the winter of 1972-1973. The damage appeared to be largely independent of spring grazing by domestic sheep. Managers should recognize and separate the influence of such damage from grazing influences to properly assign stocking levels. Improper interpretation of reduced browse plant production or condition may lead to unnecessary reductions in animal populations.
  • Viewpoint: Comments on the Protection of an Endangered Species

    Jobes, P. C. (Society for Range Management, 1979-07-01)
  • Vegetation Stagnation in Three-Phase Big Game Exclosures

    Tueller, P. T.; Tower, J. D. (Society for Range Management, 1979-07-01)
    The allocation of range forage for deer and livestock is an important range management problem. Utilization of the three-phase exclosure technique for such evaluations is complicated by the response of plants to nonuse. Protection from browsing can cause "stagnation" to occur as early as the second year after the exclosure is established. Nonuse of bitterbush resulted in an average reduction in production of 70%. Temporary exclosures moved each year are required for accurately determining annual forage production.
  • Vegetation of the Willa Cather Memorial Prairie

    Nicholson, R. A.; Marcotte, M. G. (Society for Range Management, 1979-03-01)
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the interrelationships of the Willa Cather Memorial Prairie in terms of the characterizing species and types of vegetation. At each of 100 sample stand locations data were obtained on the 244-ha prairie in Webster County, Nebraska, to estimate percent basal cover and percent species composition. Estimates were analyzed quantitatively with the aid of vegetation ordination techniques, from which 15 vegetation types were discerned. Of the 15 types, two accounted for over 40% of the stands: a Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis)-buffalograss (Buchloe dactyloides)-blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis)-type and a Kentucky bluegrass-sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)-big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi) type. Two secondary types accounted for another 16% of the stands, while the remaining 44% of the stands were fairly evenly dispersed within nine other types. Uplands were predominately Kentucky bluegrass, buffalograss, blue grama, and Japanese brome. Sideoats grama, little bluestem (Andropogon scoparius), and Kentucky bluegrass dominated hillside stands. Most abundant in lowlands were Kentucky bluegrass, sideoats grama, Japanese brome, and big bluestem. Due to the abundance of Kentucky bluegrass, late spring burning was prescribed to improve the condition and productivity of the prairie.
  • Variation in Winter Levels of Crude Protein among Artemisia tridentata Subspecies Grown in a Uniform Garden

    Welch, B. L.; McArthur, E. D. (Society for Range Management, 1979-11-01)
    We discovered that the midwinter crude protein content of Artemisia tridentata is under genetic control. Our study demonstrated that some accessions of A. tridentata, grown under uniform conditions, contained significantly higher levels of crude protein than others. Subspecies tridentata contained significantly higher levels of crude protein than subspecies vaseyana and wyomingensis. However, the accessions that contained the highest levels of crude protein have been reported to be least palatable to mule deer. A superior strain of A. tridentata can be developed by combining the high protein-yielding accessions with accessions that are higher in palatability. The new strain could supply more protein for mule deer on winter ranges.
  • Variability in Predicting Edible Browse from Crown Volume

    Bryant, F. C.; Kothmann, M. M. (Society for Range Management, 1979-03-01)
    Biomass estimates were made with regression techniques using crown volume and weight relationships. The log-log function yielded the highest coefficient of determination for Vasey shin oak, plateau oak, Texas persimmon, and honey mesquite. A quadratic function was best for wollybucket bumelia, littleleaf sumac, agarito, and pricklyash. Sugar hackberry showed equally high coefficients with either the linear or quadratic. Coefficients of determination for catclaw acacia, elbowbush, and skunkbush sumac generally were low regardless of the type of regression equation used. When sampled at various periods over the year, predictive accuracy declined for Vasey shin oak and plateau oak through fall and winter but rose again in spring and early summer. For both species, the log-log function was best from late summer to winter but during spring and early summer the quadratic function was best.
  • Utilization Practices and the Returns from Seeding an Area to Crested Wheatgrass

    Godfrey, E. B. (Society for Range Management, 1979-05-01)
    Numerous studies have estimated the benefits and costs of various types of range improvements, including seedings. However, the results reported have varied widely. One of the reasons why these estimates have varied is that the effect of utilization (season and amount) has generally not been explicitly considered. In an effort to provide some insight into the effect utilization has on returns, a study of the Point Springs seedings in south-central Idaho was undertaken. This study indicated that: (1) spring utilization of crested wheatgrass seedings is a necessary prerequisite to favorable net returns; (2) grazing patterns involving heavy utilization had the shortest life, but the highest net returns; (3) fall only utilization had the lowest net returns; (4) the net returns from seeding the area were greater than the investment costs for nearly all utilization patterns considered; and (5) seeding an area to crested wheatgrass can yield returns which may be greater than the returns from investing scarce investment dollars in other range improvement alternatives.
  • Tolerance of Kleingrass to Herbicides

    Bovey, R. W.; Baur, J. R.; Bashaw, E. C. (Society for Range Management, 1979-09-01)
    Herbicides propazine, 2,4-D, dicamba, picloram, tebuthiuron, and hexazinone were applied at rates of 0.14 to 2.24 kg/ha pre- and postemergence to greenhouse-grown kleingrass plants. Kleingrass was tolerant to premergence sprays up to and including 1.2 kg/ha of propazine and 0.56 kg/ha of 2,4-D. All other herbicides and rates were phytotoxic to emerging kleingrass. At the early postemergence stage, kleingrass tolerated rates up to and including 0.28, 0.56, and 0.56, and 1.12 kg/ha of picloram, 2,4-D, dicamba, and propazine, respectively; but it did not tolerate tebuthiuron or hexazinone at any rate. At the intermediate vegetative stage (5 to 12.5 cm tall), kleingrass tolerated picloram, 2,4-D, dicamba, and propazine at rates of 0.56, 1.12, and 2.24 kg/ha, respectively, without injury. Mature kleingrass tolerated higher rates of all herbicides than did earlier stages of growth.
  • The Western Harvester Ants: Their Density and Hill Size in Relation to Herbaceous Productivity and Big Sagebrush Cover

    Sneva, F. A. (Society for Range Management, 1979-01-01)
    Ant colony density decreased but the denuded disc area increased as big sagebrush crown cover increased and as herbaceous productivity decreased.
  • The Value of Fresh-stripped Topsoil as a Source of Useful Plants for Surface Mine Revegetation

    Howard, G. S.; Samuel, M. J. (Society for Range Management, 1979-01-01)
    Topsoil from nearby undisturbed areas was stripped and directly laid over regraded overburden to a depth of about 20 cm at Kemmerer, Wyo., and Oak Creek, Colo. Native plant response was determined after two growing seasons with only natural precipitation. Rhizomatous species were the most valuable for establishing the perennial plants. Plant density averaged 4.16 and 1.77 plants/m2 at Kemmerer and Oak Creek sites, respectively, but the density was too low to meet State and Federal revegetation standards without additional seeding. Plants established from fresh-stripped topsoil are a plus in revegetation as opposed to stockpiled topsoil where these plants are lost.
  • The Literature of Range Science Based on Citations in the Journal of Range Management

    Vallentine, J. F. (Society for Range Management, 1979-05-01)
    Literature citations in the Journal of Range Management (JRM) were used to indicate and evaluate the various sources of range science literature. Authors in the JRM are presently (1976-1977) obtaining 51.2% of their reference citations from periodical literature, 18.9% from monographic series, 13.0% from books, and 7.3% from regular proceedings, annals, and reviews. Of the total citations made to periodical articles, 27.8% are from the JRM itself with Ecology, Weed Science, Agronomy Journal, Journal of Wildlife Management, and Journal of Forestry ranked next (6.9 to 2.2%). JRM authors are citing primarily U.S. sources of literature (86%), and JRM articles are averaging 13.3 citations per article (1976-1977).
  • The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Water Use by Crested Wheatgrass

    Williams, R. J.; Broersma, K.; Van Ryswyk, A. L. (Society for Range Management, 1979-03-01)
    The application of N fertilizer to crested wheatgrass on a dry rangeland site increased yields substantially. In the early part of the growing season when moisture was not limiting, soil moisture was withdrawn from the fertilized site at a higher rate than from the unfertilized plots. At later periods in the growing season the soil water potential curves paralleled each other with the fertilized crop growing under conditions of lower soil water potential. The decreased soil water potential was confirmed when the actual evapotranspiration, as measured by the energy balance method, was examined. The data indicate that for a period following rapid growth in the spring, the evapotranspiration of the fertilized block was less than that of the unfertilized. The soil water potential data indicate that seasonal evapotranspiration was slightly higher on the fertilized plot than on the unfertilized. The water use efficiency, in terms of biomass produced per unit of water used, was much greater for fertilized crested wheatgrass and resulted in increased yields.
  • The effects of grazing intensity on annual vegetation

    Pitt, M. D.; Heady, H. F. (Society for Range Management, 1979-03-01)
    Pastures grazed by sheep at moderate and 1 1/2-, 2-, and 2 1/2- times the moderate stocking rate from 1969-1973 were analyzed for relative changes in cover, herbage productivity, and botanical composition. All four pastures were less productive in 1973 than in 1969, but exhibited similar trends in cover and botanical composition regardless of grazing intensity. Only grazing at 2 1/2 times the moderate stocking rate produced a residual decline in productivity following 1 year of rest from the grazing treatment. However, this decline in productivity was managerially negligible compared to other stocking rates, and would probably disappear within 2-3 years in response to the overriding influence of annual weather, especially precipitation, patterns.

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