• Effect of Repeated Herbicide Applications on Green Sagewort in North Central Nebraska

      Morrow, L. A.; McCarty, M. K. (Society for Range Management, 1976-09-01)
      Plots were established in 1971 to determine the effect of herbicides on stands of green sagewort (Artemisia campestris L.). Treatments were applied in 1971, 1972, and 1973 for one study and in 1972 and 1973 for another study. Visual estimates of green sagewort control were made in 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974. Repeat applications of 2,4-D ester at 2.24 or 3.36 kg/ha effectively controlled green sagewort whether applied in 2 or 3 consecutive years. Dicamba or picloram, each in combination with 2,4-D ester, also effectively reduced the stand of green sagewort. Green sagewort was not controlled effectively by 2,4-D ester alone at rates less than 2.24 kg/ha or 2,4,5-T at rates of 1.12 or 2.24 kg/ha. Picloram, when applied alone, was not as effective as in combination with 2,4-D ester. Retreatment is necessary when attempting to control green sagewort. Two consecutive annual application of 2,4-D ester effectively reduced the stand. After reducing the stand of green sagewort, spraying every 2nd or 3rd year as a maintenance program may be adequate to keep populations of green sagewort plants at a minimum.
    • Soil Compaction in Eastern Nebraska After 25 Years of Cattle Grazing Management and Weed Control

      McCarty, M. K.; Mazurak, A. P. (Society for Range Management, 1976-09-01)
      The effect of 25 years of weed control and grazing management on several physical properties of surface soil was measured. Bulk density of continuously grazed plots was 1.22 g/cm3 in the top 7.6 cm of soil as compared to 1.14 g/cm3 on deferred and rotationally grazed plots, and 1.02 g/cm3 on plots protected from grazing. Saturated hydraulic conductivities of 7.6 cm top soil cores from the protected plots were four times higher than from the two grazed plots. Those for warm-season grasses averaged 28.3 cm/hour, whereas mowed and smooth brome plots averaged 14.8 cm/hour. The value for the continuously grazed mowed plots was 3.0 cm/hour. The effect of long-term weed control and grazing management was reflected in the physical properties of soil which, in turn, influenced forage production by the increased water entry into soil.