• Land Use, Ethics, and Property Rights—a Western View from the East

      Burch, W. R. (Society for Range Management, 1975-01-01)
      Changes in the nature of property rights regulate the survival potential of social systems. In our era the traditional market system no longer manages the property realities where former scarcities become abundant and former abundance becomes scarce. The experience of land-use in the arid West and John Wesley Powell's vision of the future provide essential lessons for both the dry and humid zones of modern America.
    • Presettlement Vegetation in the Sagebrush-Grass Area of the Intermountain West

      Vale, T. R. (Society for Range Management, 1975-01-01)
      Twenty-nine journals and diaries were reviewed for their vegetation descriptions of the sagebrush-grass area in an attempt to assess the relative importance of herbaceous plants and woody brush in the northern Intermountain West. The early writings suggest a pristine vegetation visually dominated by shrubs. Stands of grass apparently were largely confined to wet valley bottoms, moist canyons, and mountain slopes, with more extensive areas in eastern Oregon near the Cascade Range. The major area was apparently covered by thick stands of brush.
    • Sheep-Raising in the 17 Western States: Populations, Distribution, and Trends

      Pearson, E. W. (Society for Range Management, 1975-01-01)
      To study the relationship between sheep and predators, chiefly coyotes (Canis latrans), current baseline information was needed on numbers and locations of domestic sheep in the 17 western states. Although sheep population estimates were available from published and unpublished sources for a number of areas, including all 1,059 counties in these 17 states, they varied in types of sheep counted and years covered. When the data were compiled, a few trends were evident. The 17 western states continue to raise about 80% of the United States stock sheep, but there has been a steady downward trend in sheep populations since 1960; in 1972 the 17 western states had only 58.5%, and the 31 eastern states only 44.2%, of the stock sheep present in 1960. Local management conditions vary greatly, and various data suggested a gradual shifting of sheep-raising from mountains to plains and a gradual conversion from sheep to cattle.
    • Some Economic Aspects of Western Rangeland Management and Conservation

      Saunderson, M. H. (Society for Range Management, 1975-01-01)