• Water Harvesting Efficiencies of Four Soil Surface Treatments

      Rauzi, L.; Fairbourn, M. L.; Landers, L. (Society for Range Management, 1973-11-01)
      Water harvesting efficiency of four soil surface treatments was studied for 5 years at Gillette, Wyoming, and the Central Plains Experimental Range near Nunn, Colorado. The surface treatments consisted of rangeland, salt (NaCl), plastic covered with pea gravel, and asphalt roll roofing. Average water harvesting efficiencies ranged from 5% on rangeland at Gillette to 105% from the asphalt roll roofing treatment at the Central Plains Experimental Range. Spring and fall snowstorms resulted in water harvesting efficiencies of over 100% at the Central Plains Experimental Range. Precipitation was highest in April, May, and June and lowest in August.
    • Wax-treated Soils for Harvesting Water

      Fink, D. H.; Cooley, G. W. (Society for Range Management, 1973-11-01)
      Shortage of water for livestock often limits the carrying capacity of rangeland. Water harvesting can provide extra water. Paraffin wax was applied as granules or flakes on the surface of two experimental watershed plots and allowed to melt and spread in the hot desert sun to form a hydrophobic soil surface, which then readily shed water. The wax-treated plots yielded an average of 90% precipitation runoff, compared to only 30% runoff from two untreated plots and to 100% runoff from a butyl-covered plot.