• Three Methods of Determining Diet, Utilization, and Trampling Damage on Sheep Ranges

      Laycock, W. A.; Buchanan, H.; Krueger, W. C. (Society for Range Management, 1972-09-01)
      Esophageal fistula sampling and ocular utilization estimates gave similar figures for dietary composition and for percentage utilization by sheep for most plant species in the tall-forb type. The paired-plot method gave higher utilization figures than the above methods because it estimated not only herbage eaten, but also that trampled. As a result, this method overestimated the dietary composition of species most susceptible to trampling damage; trampling accounted for one-half to two-thirds of the herbage removed by grazing.
    • Vegetation Changes as a Result of Soil Ripping on the Rio Puerco in New Mexico

      Aldon, A. F.; Garcia, G. (Society for Range Management, 1972-09-01)
      Soil ripping in 1963 effectively reduced runoff on the San Luis watershed of the Rio Puerco, New Mexico, and caused a favorable shift in forage production from galleta to alkali sacaton. Ripping effects on runoff are short-lived, but forage production patterns may persist for 10 years.
    • Western Coneflower—A Noxious Species?

      Florez, A.; McDonough, W. T.; Balls, L. D. (Society for Range Management, 1972-09-01)
      In laboratory tests, dilute foliar extracts of western coneflower (Rudbeckia occidentalis Nutt.) inhibit germination and seedling growth of seeded grasses as do those of some supposedly innocuous species. Under natural conditions on aspen range, measurements of plants of mountain brome growing in close association with coneflower gave doubtful evidence of suppressed growth. Large doses of dried aerial parts of coneflower force-fed to sheep produced no evidence of toxicity or other distress. We found no evidence of coneflower posing any special threat on mountain range, except as a relatively unpalatable increaser species.