• Sagebrush Conversion to Grassland as Affected by Precipitation, Soil, and Cultural Practices

      Shown, L. M.; Miller, F. A. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
      The most successful conversions of sagebrush to crested wheatgrass, in areas of the Western United States that receive an average of 8 to 14 inches of precipitation annually, usually occur where the annual precipitation exceeds 10 inches and on soils having medium moisture-holding capacities. Conversion results were intermediate on coarse soils having low moisture-holding capacities and comparatively poor on fine soils having high moisture-holding capacities. Degree of grass establishment varied directly with the big sagebrush vigor-index. Grass production was lower on gravelly sites converted from black sagebrush than on nearby sites converted from big sagebrush. Cheatgrass hindered the establishment of crested wheatgrass in some places. Conversion results were poor on sites where greasewood or shadscale was mixed with sagebrush. These halophytes had usually re-established on the treated sites.
    • Steer Grazing on Mixed Coniferous Forest Ranges in Northeastern Oregon

      Hedrick, D. W.; Eller, B. R.; McArthur, J. A. B.; Pettit, R. D. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
      Steers grazing on pinegrass-browse forage in the mixed coniferous forest make good use of these areas in late spring and early summer. Weight gains average about one pound per day for animals wintered at intermediate levels (gaining about one and one quarter pound per day). Cows on the same area in the fall brought the total stocking rate to about three acres per AUM. The best animal performance appears to coincide with maximum vegetative development, but early grazing is essential to fully utilize pinegrass and legumes. Browse is of primary value in the fall for cows from which calves have been weaned.
    • The American Society of Range Management and Conservation—What Does It Mean to Us?

      Poulton, Charles E. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
    • Time of Collection and Storage in Relation to Germination of Desert Saltbush Seed

      Chatterton, N. J.; McKell, C. M. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
      Seeds of desert saltbush (Atriplex polycarpa) were collected at two locations early and later during the season of seed maturity. The percentage of filled seed was highest in the early collection. Seed that matured early and was collected early germinated more rapidly and to a higher percentage than seed collected when not fully mature. Seeds left to ripen on the plants often germinate while still on the plants.
    • Trick Tanks: Water Developments for Range Livestock

      Pearson, H. A.; Morrison, D. C.; Wolke, W. K. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
      Trick tanks with large rain collectors may provide water for livestock at half the cost of hauling, with an added benefit of shelter.
    • Why Proper Grazing Use?

      Anderson, E. W. (Society for Range Management, 1969-09-01)
      Proper grazing use is paramount in attaining efficiency of rangeland production. Numerous scientific studies provide the basic reasons for practicing proper use. Results of grazing intensity studies are being reported from the West. The reasons for proper grazing use are emphasized. The benefits are enumerated.