Welcome to the Rangeland Ecology & Management archives. The journal Rangeland Ecology & Management (RE&M; v58, 2005-present) is the successor to the Journal of Range Management (JRM; v. 1-57, 1948-2004.) The archives provide public access, in a "rolling window" agreement with the Society for Range Management, to both titles (JRM and RE&M), from v.1 up to five years from the present year.

The most recent years of RE&M are available through membership in the Society for Range Management (SRM). Membership in SRM is a means to access current information and dialogue on rangeland management.

Your institution may also have access to current issues through library or institutional subscriptions.

Print ISSN: 0022-409x

Online ISSN: 1550-7424


Contact the University Libraries Journal Team with questions about these journals.

Recent Submissions

  • The Use of Woodchips and Nitrogen Fertilizer in Seeding Scab Ridges

    Klomp, G. J. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    A depleted scab ridge in northeastern Oregon was treated with woodchips and nitrogen, and seeded with a mixture of hard fescue, timothy, and pubescent wheatgrass. On the deeper soils, plots receiving 1 inch woodchips disked in plus 300 lb N averaged 2,457 lb air-dry herbage/acre over a 7-year period. Control plots average 1,973 lb/acre and those receiving woodchips, but no N 1,434 lb/acre. On the shallow soils similar treatments yielded 1,193, 688, and 528 lb/acre, respectively. At 1 inch chips and 300 lb N/acre, whether the chips were disked into the soil was relatively unimportant. At 0.5 inch chips and 150 lb N/acre disking lowered yields from 1,288 lb/acre (not disked in) to 673. With time, pubescent wheatgrass increased on the deeper soils and remained constant on the shallower. Hard fescue increased and timothy decreased markedly on both soils.
  • Soil Moisture Response to Spraying Big Sagebrush with 2 4-D

    Tabler, R. D. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Spraying big sagebrush with 2,4-D reduced the rate of soil moisture withdrawal. About 75% of the difference in total moisture depletion occurred within the 3- to 6-ft soil depth; an opposite effect in the second foot indicated that the increase in grass herbage production is most strongly reflected in that zone. Total evapotranspiration losses from the 0- to 6-ft soil profile were reduced about 14% over the 4-month growing period the second year after spraying.
  • Productivity of a Soil Biosequence of the Fescue Prairie-Aspen Transition

    Lutwick, L. E.; Dormaar, J. F. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Grassland soils have some quality that enables plants to respond to P fertilizer. This quality deteriorates when poplar trees advance on rangelands; it is completely destroyed when coniferous trees become the dominant vegetation. Clearing of trees and seeding of grass returns some grassland character to soil. If soil organic P is considered an index, NP fertilizers along with the grass are expected to hasten the return of the grassland character.
  • Prediction by Nonlinear Programming of Relative Chemical Composition of Dietary Botanical Components

    Van Dyne, G. M. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Nonlinear programming and matrix methods of analysis were used to predict relative chemical composition, energy values, and cellulose digestion coefficients for dietary botanical components. These methods provided data that would be difficult or impossible to obtain by direct experimental techniques. Estimates of chemical composition are presented for plant groups, plant parts, and individual species in the diets of cattle and sheep grazing together in early, middle, and late summer on annual range. These results illustrate the usefulness of, and the need for, training more resource scientists in systems analysis and computer techniques for biological problems.
  • Grazing Studies on Native Range, Crested Wheatgrass, and Russian Wildrye Pastures

    Smoliak, S. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Weight gains per acre of yearling ewes on continuously grazed crested wheatgrass and Russian wildrye pastures averaged 21.7 and 26.3 lb, or 2.6 and 3.2 times the gain of yearling ewes on native range (8.3 lb). On rotation and free-choice systems of grazing the gains per acre averaged 16.5 and 18.5 lb, or 2.0 and 2.2 times those on native range. Over the 10-year period the seeded pastures were stocked three times as heavily as the native range. Ewes rotated themselves on the various pastures under a free-choice system, going first to crested wheatgrass, then to native range and lastly to Russian wildrye.
  • Factors Influencing Halogeton Invasion of Crested Wheatgrass Range

    Frischknecht, N. C. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Halogeton first infested the Benmore Experimental Area on heavily grazed "slick spots," where soils contain more total soluble salts and greater amounts of exchangeable sodium than adjacent areas. Subsequently, halogeton profusely invaded units heavily grazed (80% utilization) in spring as well as other heavily grazed slick spots in lightly grazed (50%) and moderately grazed (65%) units. Heavy precipitation in the preceding July-September period and in May-June of the current year increases both abundance and vigor of halogeton. Occasional deferment from spring grazing or rest-rotation grazing is required to prevent invasion or to reduce abundance of halogeton, especially in slick-spot areas.
  • Establishment of Eastern Gamagrass from Seed and Vegetative Propagation

    Ahring, R. M.; Frank, H. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    The actual pure seed content of eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides L.) was determined efficiently and rapidly by air separation at an air valve setting of 70 degrees with a South Dakota blower. The pure seed fraction separated in this manner contained 5 to 27% empty seed units. Germination potential of the air-blown seed was between 72 and 95%. Seeds separated by visual means contained 32 to 48% empty seed units. Chilling seeds for 6 weeks at 5 to 10 C on moist substrate before germination significantly increased germination over the check. Natural prechilling in moist soil may greatly reduce the risks of stand failure. Salt solutions of KNO3, sodium hypochlorite, and ethylene chlorohydrin did not promote germination. Fall seedings in either October or November were found to be more desirable than spring seedings. Difficulties in establishing stands of eastern gamagrass may have been in part due to the inability to separate true seeds from nonviable inert material. When seed of known quality is planted in the fall, good to excellent stands can be obtained.
  • Effects of Moisture Stress on Germination of Alkali Sacaton, Galleta, and Blue Grama

    Knipe, O. D. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Seeds of alkali sacaton, galleta, and blue grama were germinated in media representing moisture tensions of 0, 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, and 16 atm. Alkali sacaton germination was most severely affected by moisture stress, which helps to explain, at least in part, why alkali sacaton plants are confined mainly to areas that are frequently flooded. In contrast, galleta and blue grama are less affected by moisture stress and, therefore, can become established and survive on the drier upland sites.
  • Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Certain Factors of a Western Nebraska Range Ecosystem

    Burzlaff, D. F.; Fick, G. W.; Rittenhouse, L. R. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Applications of nitrogen fertilizer increased yields and protein content of Western Nebraska range forage. Amounts of acid extractable phosphorus in the soil decreased following nitrogen fertilization. Forages from fertilized plots showed no appreciable increase in phosphorus content. Increased yields were not accompanied by major changes in available soil moisture or development of underground plant parts. This data was collected over a 1-year period under a National Science Foundation, Undergraduate Research Participation grant.
  • Comparison of Vegetation on Grazed and ungrazed Pinyon-Juniper Grassland in New Mexico

    Pieper, Rex D. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    A study to compare vegetation on three grazed areas with that on comparable areas, protected for 12 years, on the Fort Stanton Range revealed that both herbage production and height of blue grama plants were significantly higher on protected areas for all three sites. Species composition was not significantly different between grazed and protected areas on the stony hills site, but composition of mat muhly was significantly higher on grazed areas on both loamy bottomland and loamy upland sites. Composition of blue grama and western wheatgrass was significantly lower on the grazed area on the loamy bottomland site.
  • Comparative Mineral Composition of Longstalk and Alsike Clovers

    Hamilton, John W.; Gilbert, Carl S. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Longstalk and alsike clovers are widely distributed in many areas of the United States. These clovers have similar growth requirements and often grow side by side. Longstalk, a valuable native range plant, on the basis of mineral and proximate composition appears to be equal to alsike clover in all respects, but not markedly superior. Both clovers are good pasture, range, and hay plants. They are highly palatable, and furnish nutritious forage for livestock and game animals.
  • Chemical Composition and In Vitro Digestibility of Forbs Consumed by Cattle Grazing Native Range

    Hoehne, O. E.; Clanton, D. C.; Streeter, C. L. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Forbs consumed by cattle grazing native range had higher dry matter digestion coefficients and contained greater quantities of ash, calcium, phosphorus, crude protein, and total sugars, but contained less dry matter than grasses consumed at the same time. Forbs constituted as much as 50% of the dry matter of samples collected from esophageal fistulated cattle grazing native range. Based on their dry matter digestion coefficients and chemical composition, forbs did supply a significant amount of nutrients to grazing cattle while being consumed.
  • An Evaluation of Density Sampling Methods in a Shrub Community

    Lyon, L. J. (Society for Range Management, 1968-01-01)
    Bitterbrush density in a known-parameter population was estimated using 19 different variations of quadrat and plotless sampling techniques. It was found that: (1) Many methods would not produce a correct answer with any size sample; (2) all methods required unreasonably large samples to attain acceptable precision; and (3) several methods required more effort than counting all plants on 1 to 2 acres. It is suggested that visual estimation techniques or nonrandom sampling methods may provide a more realistic approach to the density sampling problem.