• A Further Note on Random Locations for Sample Units in Circular Plots

      Van Dyne, G. M. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      This note presents radii for sample locations for eight different circular sampling areas with or without center areas restricted from sampling and briefly discusses the use of the system for locating plots, transects, or plants in range and pasture studies.
    • Cattle Utilization and Chemical Content of Winged Elm Browse

      Dalrymple, R. L.; Dwyer, D. D.; Webster, J. E. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Cattle browsed winged elm twigs most intensively during May 1 to late July, when the browse was succulent and higher in crude protein content. As the growing season progressed, upward trends were observed in percent dry matter, ether extract and crude fiber, while downward trends were observed in percent moisture, protein and nitrogen-free extract.
    • Deterioration of Barbwire by Lightning

      McIlvain, E. H.; Shoop, M. C. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
    • Economic Evaluation of Stockwater Developments

      Roberts, N. K.; Wennergren, B. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Stockwater development offers a good possibility for favorable returns on investment. By analyzing proposed development projects as described here, a rancher can make sounder economic decisions concerning range improvement practices.
    • Effects of Herbicides, Burning, and Seeding Date in Reseeding and Arid Range

      Robocker, W. C.; Gates, D. H.; Kerr, H. D. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      In a former sagebrush-bluebunch wheatgrass site at Ephrata, Washington, neither application of herbicides nor burning for control of downy brome and Sandberg's bluegrass before planting wheatgrasses were effective in increasing stands of wheatgrass seedlings. In this area of dry summers and approximately 8 inches annual precipitation, severe climatic stresses were primarily responsible in determining the establishment or failure of seedlings.
    • Fertilizer Experiments on Native Rangelands Using Increasing-Rate Spreader

      Lutwick, L. E.; Smith, A. D.; Johnston, A. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      The increasing-rate fertilizer spreader offers a method for over-coming variability of herbage stand and consequent difficulty of finding large uniform areas in fertilizer rate studies on rangelands.
    • Field Observations On Fallout Accumulation By Plants In Natural Habitats

      Rickard, W. H. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Fallout accumulation by aboveground plant parts was related to differences in leaf and twig structure and time organs were exposed to atmosphere. Trees appeared to lessen fallout accumulation by understory shrubs.
    • Influence of Winter Supplemental Feeding of Cottonseed Cake on Activities of Beef Cows

      Box, T. W.; Brown, G. B.; Liles, J. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Feeding beef cows 1.5 pounds of cottonseed cake on alternate days during winter on shortgrass range caused no apparent increase in feeding time over cattle receiving no supplement. However, cattle fed supplemental feed were easier to handle, ruminated more, and walked less time than cattle with no supplement.
    • Low-Cost Constant-Temperature Water Bath

      Pearson, H. A. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
    • New Grazing Research Programs for Southern Forest Ranges

      Duvall, V. L.; Hilmon, J. B. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      In recent decades, research has brought substantial improvement in cattle and forage management on cutover forest ranges in the South. Today, massive reforestation is complicating the problems of integrating grazing with timber growing, and research aims are shifting accordingly. This paper reviews the current southern grazing situation and describes the range research program of the U. S. Forest Service.
    • Prediction of Weight Composition from Point Samples on Clipped Hedge

      Heady, H. F.; Van Dyne, G. M. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Percentage botanical composition by weight can be estimated from composition determined with the laboratory point method, if differences among species, seasons of growth, and botanical composition are taken into account.
    • The Pinyon-Juniper Type of Arizona

      Jameson, Donald A.; Reid, Elbert H. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
    • The Woodward Gate Latch

      Armstrong, C. G.; McIlvain, E. H. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
    • Understory Response Three Years After Thinning Pine

      McConnell, B. R.; Smith, J. G. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Understory yield was greater on thinned than on unthinned plots. When pine canopy exceeded 45 percent, forbs produced more than grasses; below 45 percent, grasses were superior producers.
    • Use of Fecal Cellulose to Estimate Plant Tissue Eaten by Deer

      Short, H. L.; Remmenga, E. E. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      In digestion trials with deer, the cellulose content of forages was inversely related to digestible energy of the ration. In range pen trials, fecal cellulose seemed to have predictive value in estimating range forage consumed.
    • What Hope for Grazing on Public Lands

      Stoddart, L. A. (Society for Range Management, 1965-05-01)
      Ranchers need to modernize their use of public lands or face further restriction. Public range administrators can be of real aid by cooperating to encourage stockmen to improve ranges and adjust to changing times.