• Editorial: An Introduction to the Special Issue “Ecological Sites for Landscape Management”

      Brown, Joel R.; Bestelmeyer, Brandon T. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
    • A Primer: Extension, Indian Land Tenure, and Rangeland Limitations

      Brewer, Joseph P.; Hiller, Joseph G.; Burke, Shawn; Teegerstrom, Trent (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Rangelands in Indian Country are unique. Legal and historical realities present challenges to range and natural resources management not seen outside of Indian Country. • Cooperative Extension educational programs are highly valued for their important impact on Agriculture and Natural Resources in counties. These programs exist on less then 10% of Americas Indian Reservations. Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP) personnel, in the few places where they are funded, are a sought after resource to tribal individuals and communities in Indian Country.
    • Effects of Short-Term Cattle Exclusion on Plant Community Composition: Prairie Dog and Ecological Site Influences

      Field, Aaron; Sedivec, Kevin; Hendrickson, John; Johnson, Patricia; Geaumont, Benjamin; Xu, Lan; Gates, Roger; Limb, Ryan (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Maintaining cattle and prairie dogs on rangelands is important ecologically, economically, and culturally. However, competition between these species, both actual and perceived, has led to conflict. • We explored the effects of short-term (2-year) cattle exclusion on plant communities both on and off prairie dog towns and among three common ecological sites. • Plant communities were different between on-town and off-town plots and among ecological sites but were similar between cattle-excluded and nonexcluded plots. • Plant community composition did not differ between rangeland targeted for moderate forage utilization and that in which cattle had been excluded for 2 years.
    • The Role of a 1994 Land Grant College

      Halvorson, Gary A. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Tribal colleges provide educational opportunities to many Native American people, who otherwise would not be able to attend college. • A strong collaboration with a tribal college takes into account the needs and input of the Native Community and does so in a culture-centered way. Discussions with a collaborating tribal college should begin early in the grant writing process. • Tribal colleges can make significant contributions to the research effort. These contributions include their own research capabilities, a great cultural experience for everyone involved, and students who will continue their education as a result of their experience with the grant.
    • Development of the Renewal on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation Project

      Hendrickson, John R.; Black Elk, Linda; Faller, Timothy (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation comprises 2.3 million acres, primarily rangeland, straddling the North DakotaSouth Dakota border. • Natural resource management is economically and culturally important to the Standing Rock community. • Respecting traditional ways of thinking and placing stakeholders and their needs at the center are key aspects of project development. • Native Americans were the original natural resource managers on our rangelands, and their thoughts and expertise can provide guidance to rangeland managers now and in the future.
    • Acknowledgments

      Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01
    • Cast Off the Shackles of Academia! Use Participatory Approaches to Tackle Real-World Problems With Underserved Populations

      Coppock, D. Layne (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • When scientists or change agents engage other cultures to problem-solve, there is a high risk of miscommunication and project failure. • This process can be further crippled by traditionally rigid, top-down academic approaches that focus investigators on predefined issues lacking relevance to the top-priority concerns of local communities. • Participatory, adaptive methods of public engagement, in contrast, are now being increasingly used in such situations. They help researchers work more effectively by building more authentic partnerships with stakeholders so that real problems and sustainable solutions can be identified. • Such methods can also promote insightful, interdisciplinary science and more effective public service.
    • History of Occurrence and Present Home Territory Sizes for Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation

      Geaumont, Benjamin A.; Sedivec, Kevin K.; Mack, Wyatt (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Past management and historic occupation by black-tailed prairie dogs will affect the vegetation responses to changes in management. • Ecological sites have different production potential and may influence colonization by black-tailed prairie dogs. • Thin Claypan ecological sites had the largest coterie home territory size at 1.8 ha but also had coteries among the smallest at 0.5 ha.
    • Future Visions: A Sustainable and Healthy Local Food Production System

      Garrett, James J. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • A collaborative effort to create an innovative food production system is underway on the Standing Rock Lakota Reservation. • Three land-grant universities and colleges, along with United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, are conducting research as a foundation to begin planning for on-the-ranch production of healthier meat. • This collaborative project uses the Lakota philosophy of natural resource management and in this paper I urge more. • I recommend additional research to develop investigations of relationships between cattle and the native food and medicine plants that also reside within the pasture.
    • Browsing the Literature

      Mosley, Jeff (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
    • Browsing the Literature

      Mosley, Jeff (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
    • Usable Science for Sustainable Rangelands: Conclusions

      Tanaka, John A.; Maczko, Kristie A.; Hidinger, Lori; Ellis, Chad (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Producers and users of scientific knowledge working together can identify future research directions that will produce usable science to address the challenges of managing for sustainable rangelands. • Matching the scale of science to the scale of management and ecological and physical processes was a prominent theme identified. • Similar activities in other regions with participants from the energy sector, wildlife organizations, and recreation enthusiasts can provide additional research directions for sustainable rangelands.
    • Effect of Grazing Prairie Dog—Colonized Rangeland on Cattle Nutrition and Performance: A Progress Report

      Olson, Kenneth C.; Schauer, Christopher; Engel, Chanda; Kincheloe, Janna J.; Brennan, Jameson R.; Hauptman, Ben L. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • One objective of the ongoing Renewal on Standing Rock Reservation project is to evaluate the response of grazing steers to the level of prairie dog colonization on Northern Mixed Grass Prairie. • We fenced four pastures to create an increasing gradient of a proportion of the pasture area colonized by prairie dogs. Pastures are stocked with yearling steers during each growing season. • Comparing steer performance, Global Positioning System (GPS) locations of grazing, diet samples, and ingestive behavior at each proportion of the prairie dog colony per pasture allows prediction of the optimal proportion of colonization, which enables selection of the most balanced diet for cattle to meet performance goals. • Additionally, it will allow recommendation of management options for any given level of prairie dog colonization to optimize cattle nutrient intake.
    • Use of Ecological Sites in Managing Wildlife and Livestock: An Example with Prairie Dogs

      Hendrickson, John R.; Johnson, Patricia S.; Liebig, Mark A.; Sedivec, Kevin K.; Halvorson, Gary A. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • The perception of prairie dogs among Native Americans living on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is mixed. Some Native Americans focus on the loss of forage productivity, whereas others are interested in the cultural and ecological aspects of prairie dogs. • The use of ecological sites may provide a mechanism for developing a management framework that would consider both livestock and prairie dogs. • The three ecological sites we surveyed had large differences in off-colony standing crop, but in 2 of the 3 years we surveyed, there were no differences between standing crop on-colony. • This suggests that management of prairie dogs on rangelands should focus on limiting prairie dogs on more productive ecological sites with less productive sites receiving less emphasis.
    • Nonriparian Shade as a Water Quality Best Management Practice for Grazing-Lands: A Case Study

      Clary, Calvin Russell; Redmon, Larry; Gentry, Terry; Wagner, Kevin; Lyons, Robert (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Cattle within riparian zones can negatively impact water quality and riparian health, which are important environmental concerns for grazing lands. • Best management practices (BMPs) help mitigate agricultural pollution. Since BMPs are primarily voluntary, stakeholder acceptance is critical, and agricultural producers need BMPs that are relevant to their operation and will not negatively impact production. • Alternative shade has been suggested as a water quality BMP, with both environmental and agricultural benefits. After implementing the nonriparian shade structure, a 30% average reduction was observed in the time cattle spent within the riparian zone.
    • Native Science: Understanding and Respecting Other Ways of Thinking

      Black Elk, Linda (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Over generations, Native Americans have developed a timely and reliable knowledge of the land, its processes, and its management needs. This knowledge has been referred to as Native science. • Native science employs many concepts such as observation, background research, and experimentation familiar to non-Native researchers and recognizes the interconnectedness of science. Good rangeland management also requires recognition of interrelatedness. • If we are open to it, Native science can give us new ways of looking at the landscape and all that it has to offer in terms of chemical, physical, and ecological processes and communities.
    • Usable Socio-Economic Science for Rangelands

      Brunson, Mark W.; Huntsinger, Lynn; Kreuter, Urs P.; Ritten, John P. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Because humans depend on rangelands for a wide variety of ecosystem goods and services, they have a large stake in research that explores supply and demand for those goods and services. • Scientists and science users who ranked 142 separate rangeland issues chose a socio-economic concern as most pressing: How to help rural communities plan for, adapt to, and recover from impacts of increased social, economic, and ecological variability. • Cross-jurisdictional stewardship is required to address many rangeland problems, so it is important to find ways to encourage and assist collaborative management efforts. • Decision makers and citizens need better ways to sift through the conflicting claims and conclusions available from a growing number of information sources. • Rangeland communities, and the land itself, require a steady supply of individuals who are both willing and able to choose careers in rangeland occupations.
    • Rangeland Responses to Predicted Increases in Drought Extremity

      Breshears, David D.; Knapp, Alan K.; Law, Darin J.; Smith, Melinda D.; Wonkka, Carissa L.; Twidwell, Dirac (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Rangeland managers actively focus on the potential to induce a shift in a site to an alternative state, but predicted changes in climate, particularly the likelihood of more extreme drought, necessitate reevaluating risks for alternative states. • Rangelands will differ in their susceptibility to undergo state changes due to climate change in general and for droughts of the future, in particular, which may be hotter. • Trees, shrubs, and grasses are expected to differ in their sensitivity to drought, with trees likely being most sensitive; this affects the likelihood for state changes in grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and savannas. • Considering these differences can help rangeland managers deal with the challenges of increasing drought that is forecast to occur with climate change.
    • Highlights

      Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01
    • Highlights

      Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01