• Acknowledgments

      Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01
    • Development of the Renewal on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation Project

      Hendrickson, John R.; Black Elk, Linda; Faller, Timothy (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation comprises 2.3 million acres, primarily rangeland, straddling the North DakotaSouth Dakota border. • Natural resource management is economically and culturally important to the Standing Rock community. • Respecting traditional ways of thinking and placing stakeholders and their needs at the center are key aspects of project development. • Native Americans were the original natural resource managers on our rangelands, and their thoughts and expertise can provide guidance to rangeland managers now and in the future.
    • The Role of a 1994 Land Grant College

      Halvorson, Gary A. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Tribal colleges provide educational opportunities to many Native American people, who otherwise would not be able to attend college. • A strong collaboration with a tribal college takes into account the needs and input of the Native Community and does so in a culture-centered way. Discussions with a collaborating tribal college should begin early in the grant writing process. • Tribal colleges can make significant contributions to the research effort. These contributions include their own research capabilities, a great cultural experience for everyone involved, and students who will continue their education as a result of their experience with the grant.
    • A Primer: Extension, Indian Land Tenure, and Rangeland Limitations

      Brewer, Joseph P.; Hiller, Joseph G.; Burke, Shawn; Teegerstrom, Trent (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Rangelands in Indian Country are unique. Legal and historical realities present challenges to range and natural resources management not seen outside of Indian Country. • Cooperative Extension educational programs are highly valued for their important impact on Agriculture and Natural Resources in counties. These programs exist on less then 10% of Americas Indian Reservations. Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP) personnel, in the few places where they are funded, are a sought after resource to tribal individuals and communities in Indian Country.
    • Use of Ecological Sites in Managing Wildlife and Livestock: An Example with Prairie Dogs

      Hendrickson, John R.; Johnson, Patricia S.; Liebig, Mark A.; Sedivec, Kevin K.; Halvorson, Gary A. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • The perception of prairie dogs among Native Americans living on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is mixed. Some Native Americans focus on the loss of forage productivity, whereas others are interested in the cultural and ecological aspects of prairie dogs. • The use of ecological sites may provide a mechanism for developing a management framework that would consider both livestock and prairie dogs. • The three ecological sites we surveyed had large differences in off-colony standing crop, but in 2 of the 3 years we surveyed, there were no differences between standing crop on-colony. • This suggests that management of prairie dogs on rangelands should focus on limiting prairie dogs on more productive ecological sites with less productive sites receiving less emphasis.
    • Effect of Grazing Prairie Dog—Colonized Rangeland on Cattle Nutrition and Performance: A Progress Report

      Olson, Kenneth C.; Schauer, Christopher; Engel, Chanda; Kincheloe, Janna J.; Brennan, Jameson R.; Hauptman, Ben L. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • One objective of the ongoing Renewal on Standing Rock Reservation project is to evaluate the response of grazing steers to the level of prairie dog colonization on Northern Mixed Grass Prairie. • We fenced four pastures to create an increasing gradient of a proportion of the pasture area colonized by prairie dogs. Pastures are stocked with yearling steers during each growing season. • Comparing steer performance, Global Positioning System (GPS) locations of grazing, diet samples, and ingestive behavior at each proportion of the prairie dog colony per pasture allows prediction of the optimal proportion of colonization, which enables selection of the most balanced diet for cattle to meet performance goals. • Additionally, it will allow recommendation of management options for any given level of prairie dog colonization to optimize cattle nutrient intake.
    • Native Science: Understanding and Respecting Other Ways of Thinking

      Black Elk, Linda (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Over generations, Native Americans have developed a timely and reliable knowledge of the land, its processes, and its management needs. This knowledge has been referred to as Native science. • Native science employs many concepts such as observation, background research, and experimentation familiar to non-Native researchers and recognizes the interconnectedness of science. Good rangeland management also requires recognition of interrelatedness. • If we are open to it, Native science can give us new ways of looking at the landscape and all that it has to offer in terms of chemical, physical, and ecological processes and communities.
    • Effects of Short-Term Cattle Exclusion on Plant Community Composition: Prairie Dog and Ecological Site Influences

      Field, Aaron; Sedivec, Kevin; Hendrickson, John; Johnson, Patricia; Geaumont, Benjamin; Xu, Lan; Gates, Roger; Limb, Ryan (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Maintaining cattle and prairie dogs on rangelands is important ecologically, economically, and culturally. However, competition between these species, both actual and perceived, has led to conflict. • We explored the effects of short-term (2-year) cattle exclusion on plant communities both on and off prairie dog towns and among three common ecological sites. • Plant communities were different between on-town and off-town plots and among ecological sites but were similar between cattle-excluded and nonexcluded plots. • Plant community composition did not differ between rangeland targeted for moderate forage utilization and that in which cattle had been excluded for 2 years.
    • History of Occurrence and Present Home Territory Sizes for Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation

      Geaumont, Benjamin A.; Sedivec, Kevin K.; Mack, Wyatt (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • Past management and historic occupation by black-tailed prairie dogs will affect the vegetation responses to changes in management. • Ecological sites have different production potential and may influence colonization by black-tailed prairie dogs. • Thin Claypan ecological sites had the largest coterie home territory size at 1.8 ha but also had coteries among the smallest at 0.5 ha.
    • Future Visions: A Sustainable and Healthy Local Food Production System

      Garrett, James J. (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • A collaborative effort to create an innovative food production system is underway on the Standing Rock Lakota Reservation. • Three land-grant universities and colleges, along with United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, are conducting research as a foundation to begin planning for on-the-ranch production of healthier meat. • This collaborative project uses the Lakota philosophy of natural resource management and in this paper I urge more. • I recommend additional research to develop investigations of relationships between cattle and the native food and medicine plants that also reside within the pasture.
    • Browsing the Literature

      Mosley, Jeff (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
    • Cast Off the Shackles of Academia! Use Participatory Approaches to Tackle Real-World Problems With Underserved Populations

      Coppock, D. Layne (Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01)
      On the Ground • When scientists or change agents engage other cultures to problem-solve, there is a high risk of miscommunication and project failure. • This process can be further crippled by traditionally rigid, top-down academic approaches that focus investigators on predefined issues lacking relevance to the top-priority concerns of local communities. • Participatory, adaptive methods of public engagement, in contrast, are now being increasingly used in such situations. They help researchers work more effectively by building more authentic partnerships with stakeholders so that real problems and sustainable solutions can be identified. • Such methods can also promote insightful, interdisciplinary science and more effective public service.
    • Highlights

      Society for Range Management, 2016-12-01