Further Improvement of Surface Flux Estimation in the Unstable Surface Layer Based on Large‐Eddy Simulation Data
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Atmospher Sci
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PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationLiu, S., Zeng, X., Dai, Y., & Shao, Y. (2019). Further improvement of surface ﬂux estimation in the unstable surface layer based on large‐eddy simulation data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 9839–9854. https:// doi.org/10.1029/2018JD030222
RightsCopyright © 2019. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
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AbstractThe Monin‐Obukhov similarity theory (MOST) is widely used for the surface turbulence flux‐gradient relations in modeling and data analysis. Here we quantify multiscale turbulence processes by applying our newly developed analysis technique to large‐eddy simulation data, and find that in the unstable surface layer, large convective eddies (with the scaling of boundary layer depth) and local free convection exist in addition to small eddies. An empirical MOST function (considering the last two processes only) is found to underestimate the surface friction velocity and heat flux both by about 30%. Much better results can be obtained using a function that explicitly considers all three processes. Generally, the nondimensional wind shear exhibits larger scatter and deviates more from the MOST than the temperature gradient. Based on these results, we propose the revised Sorbjan (1986, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00120989) function (with coefficients determined from this study) for wind shear and MOST function for temperature gradient, for estimating surface fluxes in the unstable surface layer. The three‐dimensional multiscale analysis method we develop in this study is of general nature and can be of interest for problems of three‐dimensional multiscale process description in other disciplines.
NoteOpen access article
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SponsorsNational Key R&D Program of China [2017YFA0604300]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [41875128, 41730962]; German DFG Transregional Cooperative Research Centre 32