An in situ investigation on the origins and processing of circumstellar oxide and silicate grains in carbonaceous chondrites
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
Univ Arizona, Dept Mat Sci & Engn
MetadataShow full item record
CitationZega, T.J., Haenecour, P. and Floss, C. (2019), An in situ investigation on the origins and processing of circumstellar oxide and silicate grains in carbonaceous chondrites. Meteorit Planet Sci. doi:10.1111/maps.13418
JournalMETEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE
Rights© The Meteoritical Society, 2019.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractWe report on the isotopic, chemical, and structural properties of four O-rich presolar grains identified in situ in the Adelaide ungrouped C2, LaPaZ Icefield (LAP) 031117 CO3.0, and Dominion Range (DOM) 08006 CO3.0 chondrites. All four grains have oxygen-isotopic compositions consistent with origins in the circumstellar envelopes (CSE) of low-mass O-rich stars evolved along the red-giant and asymptotic-giant branch (RGB, AGB, respectively) of stellar evolution. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) analyses, enabled by focused-ion-beam scanning electron microscope extraction, show that the grain from Adelaide is a single-crystal Mg-Al spinel, and comparison with equilibrium thermodynamic predictions constrains its condensation to 1500 K assuming a total pressure <= 10(-3) atm in its host CSE. In comparison, TEM analysis of two grains identified in the LAP 031117 chondrite exhibits different microstructures. Grain LAP-81 is composed of olivine containing a Ca-rich and a Ca-poor domain, both of which show distinct orientations, suggesting changing thermodynamic conditions in the host CSE that cannot be precisely constrained. LAP-104 contains a polycrystalline assemblage of ferromagnesian silicates similar to previous reports of nanocrystalline presolar Fe-rich silicates that formed under nonequilibrium conditions. Lastly, TEM shows that the grain extracted from DOM 08006 is a polycrystalline assemblage of Cr-bearing spinel. The grains occur in different orientations, likely reflecting mechanical assembly in their host CSE. The O-isotopic and Cr-rich compositions appear to point toward nonequilibrium condensation. The spinel is surrounded by an isotopically solar pyroxene lacking long-range atomic order and could have served as a nucleation site for its condensation in the interstellar medium or the inner solar protoplanetary disk.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 13 November 2019
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNASA Cosmochemistry and Emerging Worlds Programs [NNX12AL47G, NNX15AJ22G, 80NSSC19K0509, NNX14AG25G]; McDonnell Center for Space Sciences; NASANational Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) [NNX12AL47G, NNX15AJ22G]; NSFNational Science Foundation (NSF)