Intimate stimuli result in fronto-parietal activation changes in anorexia nervosa
Authorvan Zutphen, L
Jacob, G A
van Elst, L Tebartz
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
MetadataShow full item record
Citationvan Zutphen, L., Maier, S., Siep, N. et al. Eat Weight Disord (2019) 24: 1155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-017-0474-x
Rights© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractBackground Intimacy is a key psychological problem in anorexia nervosa (AN). Empirical evidence, including neurobiological underpinnings, is however, scarce. Objective In this study, we evaluated various emotional stimuli including intimate stimuli experienced in patients with AN and non-patients, as well as their cerebral response. Methods Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted using stimuli with positive, neutral, negative and intimate content. Participants (14 AN patients and 14 non-patients) alternated between passive viewing and explicit emotion regulation. Results Intimate stimuli were experienced less positively in AN patients compared to non-patients. AN patients showed decreased cerebral responses in superior parietal cortices in response to positive and intimate stimuli. Intimate stimuli led to stronger activation of the orbitofrontal cortex, and lower activation of the bilateral precuneus in AN patients. Orbitofrontal responses decreased in AN patients during explicit emotion regulation. Conclusions These results show that intimate stimuli are of particular importance in AN patients, who show experiential differences compared to non-patients and altered activation of orbitofrontal and parietal brain structures. This supports that AN patients have difficulties with intimacy, attachment, self-referential processing and body perception.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 3 February 2018
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
Sponsorsproject DFGGerman Research Foundation (DFG) [JA1785/3-1]
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