AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
Univ Arizona, Dept Planetary Sci
Fast solar wind
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationKlein, K. G., Martinović, M., Stansby, D., & Horbury, T. S. (2019). Linear Stability in the Inner Heliosphere: Helios Re-evaluated. The Astrophysical Journal, 887(2), 234.
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AbstractWave–particle instabilities driven by departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium have been conjectured to play a role in governing solar wind dynamics. We calculate the statistical variation of linear stability over a large subset of Helios I and II observations of the fast solar wind using a numerical evaluation of the Nyquist stability criterion, accounting for multiple sources of free energy associated with protons and helium including temperature anisotropies and relative drifts. We find that 88% of the surveyed intervals are linearly unstable. The median growth rate of the unstable modes is within an order of magnitude of the turbulent transfer rate, fast enough to potentially impact the turbulent scale-to-scale energy transfer. This rate does not significantly change with radial distance, though the nature of the unstable modes, and which ion components are responsible for driving the instabilities, does vary. The effect of ion–ion collisions on stability is found to be significant; collisionally young wind is much more unstable than collisionally old wind, with very different kinds of instabilities present in the two kinds of wind.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsK. Klein is supported by NASA ECIP Grant 80NSSC19K0912. D. Stansby is supported by STFC grant ST/S000240/1. T. Horbury is supported by STFC grant ST/S000364/1.