The MOSDEF Survey: A Census of AGN-driven Ionized Outflows at z = 1.4–3.8
AuthorLeung, Gene C. K.
Coil, Alison L.
Fornasini, Francesca M.
Freeman, William R.
Price, Sedona H.
Sanders, Ryan L.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
ISM: jets and outflows
quasars: emission lines
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationGene C. K. Leung et al 2019 ApJ 886 11
RightsCopyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractUsing data from the MOSFIRE Deep Evolution Field (MOSDEF) survey, we present a census of active galactic nucleus (AGN)-driven ionized outflows in a sample of 159 AGNs at 1.4 <= z <= 3.8. The sample spans AGN bolometric luminosities of 10(44-47) erg s(-1) and includes both quiescent and star-forming galaxies extending across 3 orders of magnitude in stellar mass. We identify and characterize outflows from the H beta, [O III], H alpha, and [N II] emission line spectra. We detect outflows in 17% of the AGNs, seven times more often than in a mass-matched sample of inactive galaxies in MOSDEF. The outflows are fast and galaxy-wide, with velocities of similar to 400-3500 km s(-1) and spatial extents of 0.3-11.0 kpc. The incidence of outflows among AGNs is independent of the stellar mass of the host galaxy, with outflows detected in both star-forming and quiescent galaxies. This suggests that outflows exist across different phases in galaxy evolution. We investigate relations between outflow kinematic, spatial, and energetic properties and both AGN and host galaxy properties. Our results show that AGN-driven outflows are widespread in galaxies along the star-forming main sequence. The mass-loading factors of the outflows are typically 0.1-1 and increase with AGN luminosity, capable of exceeding unity at L-AGN greater than or similar to 10(46) erg s(-1). In these more luminous sources, the ionized outflow alone is likely sufficient to regulate star formation and, when combined with outflowing neutral and molecular gas, may be able to quench star formation in their host galaxies.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF AAGNational Science Foundation (NSF)NSF - Directorate for Mathematical & Physical Sciences (MPS) [AST-1312780, 1312547, 1312764, 1313171]; NASA through the Space Telescope Science InstituteSpace Telescope Science Institute [AR-13907]; NASA ADAP program [NNX16AF54G]; STFC Ernest Rutherford Fellowship [ST/P004172/1]; W.M. Keck FoundationW.M. Keck Foundation