The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants
AuthorEnquist, Brian J
Newman, Erica A
Jørgensen, Peter Møller
Roehrdanz, Patrick R
Thiers, Barbara M
Burger, Joseph R
Corlett, Richard T
Couvreur, Thomas L P
Donoghue, John C
Lovett, Jon C
Marquet, Pablo A
Neves, Danilo M
Oliveira-Filho, Ary T
Kraft, Nathan J B
Park, Daniel S
Peet, Robert K
Serra-Diaz, Josep M
Wieringa, Jan J
Wiser, Susan K
McGill, Brian J
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol
Univ Arizona, Inst Environm
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
CitationB.J. Enquist, X. Feng, B. Boyle, B. Maitner, E. A. Newman, P. M. Jørgensen, P. R. Roehrdanz, B. M. Thiers, J. R. Burger, R. T. Corlett, T. L. P. Couvreur, G.Dauby, J. C. Donoghue, W. Foden, J. C. Lovett, P. A. Marquet, C. Merow, G. Midgley, N. Morueta-Holme, D. M. Neves, A. T.Oliveira-Filho, N.J. B. Kraft, D. S. Park, R. K. Peet, M. Pillet, J. M. Serra-Diaz, B. Sandel, M. Schildhauer, I. Šímová, C. Violle, J.J. Wieringa, S. K. Wiser, L. Hannah, J.-C. Svenning, B. J. McGill, The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants. Sci. Adv. 5, eaaz0414 (2019).
RightsCopyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S.Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
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AbstractA key feature of life’s diversity is that some species are common but many more are rare. Nonetheless, at global scales, we do not know what fraction of biodiversity consists of rare species. Here, we present the largest compilation of global plant diversity to quantify the fraction of Earth’s plant biodiversity that are rare. A large fraction, ~36.5% of Earth’s ~435,000 plant species, are exceedingly rare. Sampling biases and prominent models, such as neutral theory and the k-niche model, cannot account for the observed prevalence of rarity. Our results indicate that (i) climatically more stable regions have harbored rare species and hence a large fraction of Earth’s plant species via reduced extinction risk but that (ii) climate change and human land use are now disproportionately impacting rare species. Estimates of global species abundance distributions have important implications for risk assessments and conservation planning in this era of rapid global change.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S.Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
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