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dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Corey R.
dc.contributor.authorBeem-Miller, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorHoyt, Alison M.
dc.contributor.authorMonroe, Grey
dc.contributor.authorSierra, Carlos A.
dc.contributor.authorStoner, Shane
dc.contributor.authorHeckman, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorBlankinship, Joseph C.
dc.contributor.authorCrow, Susan E.
dc.contributor.authorMcNicol, Gavin
dc.contributor.authorTrumbore, Susan
dc.contributor.authorLevine, Paul A.
dc.contributor.authorVindušková, Olga
dc.contributor.authorTodd-Brown, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorRasmussen, Craig
dc.contributor.authorHicks Pries, Caitlin E.
dc.contributor.authorSchädel, Christina
dc.contributor.authorMcFarlane, Karis
dc.contributor.authorDoetterl, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorHatté, Christine
dc.contributor.authorHe, Yujie
dc.contributor.authorTreat, Claire
dc.contributor.authorHarden, Jennifer W.
dc.contributor.authorTorn, Margaret S.
dc.contributor.authorEstop-Aragonés, Cristian
dc.contributor.authorAsefaw Berhe, Asmeret
dc.contributor.authorKeiluweit, Marco
dc.contributor.authorDella Rosa Kuhnen, Ágatha
dc.contributor.authorMarin-Spiotta, Erika
dc.contributor.authorPlante, Alain F.
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Aaron
dc.contributor.authorShi, Zheng
dc.contributor.authorSchimel, Joshua P.
dc.contributor.authorVaughn, Lydia J. S.
dc.contributor.authorvon Fromm, Sophie F.
dc.contributor.authorWagai, Rota
dc.identifier.citationLawrence, C. R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A. M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C. A., Stoner, S., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P. A., Vindušková, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C. E., Schädel, C., McFarlane, K., Doetterl, S., Hatté, C., He, Y., Treat, C., Harden, J. W., Torn, M. S., Estop-Aragonés, C., Asefaw Berhe, A., Keiluweit, M., Della Rosa Kuhnen, Á., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A. F., Thompson, A., Shi, Z., Schimel, J. P., Vaughn, L. J. S., von Fromm, S. F., and Wagai, R.: An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 61–76,, 2020.en_US
dc.description.abstractRadiocarbon is a critical constraint on our estimates of the timescales of soil carbon cycling that can aid in identifying mechanisms of carbon stabilization and destabilization and improve the forecast of soil carbon response to management or environmental change. Despite the wealth of soil radiocarbon data that have been reported over the past 75 years, the ability to apply these data to global-scale questions is limited by our capacity to synthesize and compare measurements generated using a variety of methods. Here, we present the International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD;, last access: 16 December 2019), an open-source archive of soil data that include reported measurements from bulk soils, distinct soil carbon pools isolated in the laboratory by a variety of soil fractionation methods, samples of soil gas or water collected interstitially from within an intact soil profile, CO2 gas isolated from laboratory soil incubations, and fluxes collected in situ from a soil profile. The core of ISRaD is a relational database structured around individual datasets (entries) and organized hierarchically to report soil radiocarbon data, measured at different physical and temporal scales as well as other soil or environmental properties that may also be measured and may assist with interpretation and context. Anyone may contribute their own data to the database by entering it into the ISRaD template and subjecting it to quality assurance protocols. ISRaD can be accessed through (1) a web-based interface, (2) an R package (ISRaD), or (3) direct access to code and data through the GitHub repository, which hosts both code and data. The design of ISRaD allows for participants to become directly involved in the management, design, and application of ISRaD data. The synthesized dataset is available in two forms: the original data as reported by the authors of the datasets and an enhanced dataset that includes ancillary geospatial data calculated within the ISRaD framework. ISRaD also provides data management tools in the ISRaD-R package that provide a starting point for data analysis; as an open-source project, the broader soil community is invited and encouraged to add data, tools, and ideas for improvement. As a whole, ISRaD provides resources to aid our evaluation of soil dynamics across a range of spatial and temporal scales. The ISRaD v1.0 dataset is archived and freely available at (Lawrence et al., 2019).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMax Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; European Research CouncilEuropean Research Council (ERC) [695101]; USGS Land Change Science mission area; US Department of AgricultureUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA) [2018-67003-27935]; US Geological Survey Powell Center for the working group on Soil Carbon Storage and Feedbacksen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.en_US
dc.titleAn open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0en_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Environm Scien_US
dc.identifier.journalEARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATAen_US
dc.description.noteOpen access journalen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleEarth System Science Data

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Copyright © Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.