AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationJennifer E. Andrews et al 2019 ApJ 885 43
RightsCopyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present high-cadence UV, optical, and near-infrared data on the luminous Type II-P supernova SN 2017gmr from hours after discovery through the first 180 days. SN 2017gmr does not show signs of narrow, high-ionization emission lines in the early optical spectra, yet the optical light-curve evolution suggests that an extra energy source from circumstellar medium (CSM) interaction must be present for at least 2 days after explosion. Modeling of the early light curve indicates a ~500 R ⊙ progenitor radius, consistent with a rather compact red supergiant, and late-time luminosities indicate that up to 0.130 ± 0.026 M ⊙ of 56Ni are present, if the light curve is solely powered by radioactive decay, although the 56Ni mass may be lower if CSM interaction contributes to the post-plateau luminosity. Prominent multipeaked emission lines of Hα and [O i] emerge after day 154, as a result of either an asymmetric explosion or asymmetries in the CSM. The lack of narrow lines within the first 2 days of explosion in the likely presence of CSM interaction may be an example of close, dense, asymmetric CSM that is quickly enveloped by the spherical supernova ejecta.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSFNational Science Foundation (NSF) [AST-1813825, AST-1515559, AST-1821987, 1821967, AST-1813176, AST-1313484, 1829740]; Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of IndiaDepartment of Science & Technology (India); Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF); LSSTC Data Science Fellowship Program - LSSTC; Brinson Foundation; Moore FoundationGordon and Betty Moore Foundation; project "Transient Astrophysical Objects" of the National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH), Hungary - European Union [GINOP-2-3-2-15-2016-00033]; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences; Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsradet)Swedish Research Council; Swedish National Space Board; research environment grant "Gravitational Radiation and Electromagnetic Astrophysical Transients (GREAT)"; Packard FoundationThe David & Lucile Packard Foundation; "Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS)" of the Iniciativa Cientifica Milenio del Ministerio Economia, Fomento y Turismo de Chile [IC120009]; CONICYT PAI/INDUSTRIA ; Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) under the Department of Science AMP; Technology, Govt. of India [PDF/2016/001563]; Ministry of Economy, Development, and Tourism's Millennium Science Inititative [IC120009]; H2020 through an ERC Starting Grant ; FONDECYTComision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT)CONICYT FONDECYT ; Polish NCN MAESTRO grant [2014/14/A/ST9/00121]; PRIN INAF 2017 "Towards the SKA and CTA era: discovery, localisation and physics of transient sources (PI M. Giroletti)"; Independent Research Fund Denmark [8021-00170B]; VILLUM FONDEN [13261, 16599]; Spanish MICINN grant [ESP2017-82674-R]; FEDER fundsEuropean Union (EU); National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation (NSF) [AST-1613472]; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)National Natural Science Foundation of China [11325313, 11633002, 11761141001]; National Program on Key Research and Development Project [2016YFA0400803]; Open Project Program of the Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences; IDA (Instrumentation center for Danish Astrophysics); Gemini Observatory [GN-2017B-Q-52]; European Southern Observatory [099.D-0543(A)]; W. M. Keck FoundationW.M. Keck Foundation [NNH14CK55B]; National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNational Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA); National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation (NSF); NASAs Astrophysics Data Analysis Program [NNX13AF35G]