Best practices for Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) research: A practical guide to coding and processing EAR data
AuthorKaplan, Deanna M
Rentscher, Kelly E
Smith, Aaren D
York, Kylee A
Tackman, Allison M
Mehl, Matthias R
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
Ecological momentary assessment
MetadataShow full item record
CitationKaplan, D.M., Rentscher, K.E., Lim, M. et al. Behav Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-019-01333-y
JournalBEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS
Rights© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2019
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractSince its introduction in 2001, the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) method has become an established and broadly used tool for the naturalistic observation of daily social behavior in clinical, health, personality, and social science research. Previous treatments of the method have focused primarily on its measurement approach (relative to other ecological assessment methods), research design considerations (e.g., sampling schemes, privacy considerations), and the properties of its data (i.e., reliability, validity, and added measurement value). However, the evolved procedures and practices related to arguably one of the most critical parts of EAR research-the coding process that converts the sampled raw ambient sounds into quantitative behavioral data for statistical analysis-so far have largely been communicated informally between EAR researchers. This article documents "best practices" for processing EAR data, which have been tested and refined in our research over the years. Our aim is to provide practical information on important topics such as the development of a coding system, the training and supervision of EAR coders, EAR data preparation and database optimization, the troubleshooting of common coding challenges, and coding considerations specific to diverse populations.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 2 January 2020
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
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