Electronic cigarette use and tobacco cessation in a state-based quitline
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth
Univ Arizona, Coll Nursing
Univ Arizona, Ctr Canc
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherCAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
CitationBrady, B. R., Crane, T. E., O'Connor, P. A., Nair, U. S., & Yuan, N. P. (2019). Electronic cigarette use and tobacco cessation in a state-based quitline. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 14(3), 176–185. Cambridge University Press.
JournalJOURNAL OF SMOKING CESSATION
Rights© The Author(s) 2019
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractIntroduction. Evidence is mixed on e-cigarette's effectiveness as a tobacco cessation aid. Research suggests that e-cigarette users face greater barriers to quitting tobacco. Aim. To examine the association between e-cigarette use and tobacco cessation outcomes among quitline callers. Methods. We examined 2,204 callers who enrolled and completed 7-month follow-up surveys between April 2014 and January 2017. We examined the association between any e-cigarette use and tobacco cessation. We also evaluated these relationships by e-cigarette use patterns between enrollment and 7-month follow-up: sustained, adopted, discontinued, and non-use. We used multivariable logistic regression to control for caller characteristics, tobacco history, and program utilization. Results. Overall, 18% of callers reported using e-cigarettes at enrollment, follow-up, or both. Compared to non-users, e-cigarette users were more likely to be younger, non-Hispanic, and report a mental health condition. The adjusted odds of tobacco cessation were not statistically different for callers who used e-cigarettes compared to those who did not (adjusted odds ratios = 1.02, 95% confidence interval 0.79-1.32). Results were similar when examining cessation by patterns of e-cigarette use. Conclusions. E-cigarette use was not associated with tobacco cessation. This suggests that e-cigarette use may neither facilitate nor deter tobacco cessation among quitline callers. Future research should continue exploring how e-cigarette use affects quitting.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 20 March 2019
VersionFinal accepted manuscript