Marginality, Climate and Resources in Pastoral Rangelands: Oman and Mongolia
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CitationSternberg, T., & Chatty, D. (2016). Marginality, Climate and Resources in Pastoral Rangelands: Oman and Mongolia. Rangelands, 38(3), 145-151.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
AbstractOn the Ground • Oman and Mongolia feature different political systems and physical landscapes yet represent similar challenges encountered across global pastoral societies. • Extractive industries disrupt pastoral drylands through reorienting government policy, environmental change, altered water supply, and infrastructure factors that challenge livelihood viability. • The impact of climate variability on rangeland livelihoods is now exacerbated by policy and development decisions. • Herder livelihoods at different income and development levels are dependent on government policy and risk mitigation strategies to maintain customary practices. • The combination of multiple external forces stress rural viability and contribute to out-migration from herding systems.