Gendered Healing Votives in Roman Gaul: Representing the Body in a Colonial Context
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Anthropol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherARCHAEOLOGICAL INST AMERICA
CitationWigodner, Alena. “Gendered Healing Votives in Roman Gaul: Representing the Body in a Colonial Context.” American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 123, no. 4, 2019, pp. 619–642. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.3764/aja.123.4.0619. Accessed 14 Apr. 2020.
JournalAMERICAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY
RightsCopyright © 2019 by the Archaeological Institute of America
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractAfter the annexation of Gaul into the Roman empire, a new religious practice began in the Gallic provinces: offering votive objects representing either parts of the body or the entire body at healing sanctuaries. Analysis of these votives offers a unique way to study the identities of women, especially nonelite women who are often archaeologically invisible. Representational healing votives allow for study of gendered experiences of colonialism in Roman Gaul because women and men were positioned differently with respect to the colonial power structure. This study of 1,050 published votive objects reveals gendered differences in body parts represented, materials used, and preferred artistic style. In scholarship on gendered behavior in colonial contexts, it is commonly argued that women generally acted as guardians of indigenous cultural practices while men more readily took on the culture of the colonizer. The results of the present examination suggest that, in Gallo-Roman healing religion, the opposite was true: while men more often referenced an indigenous identity in their votives, women represented themselves in a Roman manner more often. These results have significant implications for our for our understanding of gendered experiences of colonioalism in the Roman provinces.
VersionFinal published version