Describing Independent Eating Occasions among Low-Income Adolescents
Anderson, Alex Kojo
Hongu, Nobuko Kay
Wong, Siew Sun
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Nutr Sci
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CitationBanna, J.; Richards, R.; Jones, B.; Anderson, A.K.; Reicks, M.; Cluskey, M.; Gunther, C.; Hongu, N.K.; Lora, K.; Misner, S.; Monroe-Lord, L.; Topham, G.; Wong, S.S.; Lim, E. Describing Independent Eating Occasions among Low-Income Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 981.
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AbstractThe purpose of this formative, cross-sectional study was to describe independent eating occasions (iEOs) among a convenience sample of low-income early adolescents (10-13 years, n = 46) in 10 U.S. states, including environmental context, foods selected and reasons for selection, and parental rules about foods consumed. Participants took pictures of all foods consumed over 24 h and participated in semi-structured interviews to describe the context of each eating occasion using the pictures as a guide. Responses based on a total of 304 eating occasions were coded to classify foods based on United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) MyPlate food groups and to characterize parental rules and reasons for food selection. Average age was 10.9 +/- 1.1 years and 60% were female. Approximately 58% of eating occasions were classified as iEOs with approximately 65% as snacks. Most iEOs took place at home. Foods frequently consumed during iEOs were from the sweets, total fruit, dairy, and whole fruit food categories. Primary parental rules for iEOs focused on avoiding certain foods and not eating too much. Early adolescents selected foods for convenience, taste preferences, and availability. Foods selected during iEOs were based on parent, household and early adolescent factors, which could be addressed to influence overall diet quality.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).