• TOF-SIMS analysis of cometary matter in Stardust aerogel tracks

      Stephan, T.; Rost, D.; Vicenzi, E. P.; Bullock, E. S.; MacPherson, G. J.; Westphal, A. J.; Snead, C. J.; Flynn, G. J.; Sandford, S. A.; Zolensky, M. E. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
      Cometary matter in aerogel samples from the Stardust mission was investigated with TOF-SIMS for its elemental and organic composition. While single grains >1 micrometer are highly variable in their chemical composition, nanometer-scale material found in the wall of one track has within a factor of 1.22 bulk CI chondritic element ratios relative to Fe for Na, Mg, Al, Ti, Cr, Mn, and Co. Compared to CI, a depletion in Ca by a factor of four and an enrichment in Ni by a factor of two was observed. These results seem to confirm recent reports of a CI-like bulk composition of Wild 2. The analysis of organic compounds in aerogel samples is complicated by the presence of contaminants in the capture medium. However, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that could possibly be attributed to the comet were observed.
    • TOF-SIMS analysis of cometary particles extracted from Stardust aerogel

      Stephan, T.; Flynn, G. J.; Sandford, S. A.; Zolensky, M. E. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
      Sections of seven cometary fragments extracted from the aerogel collector flown on the Stardust mission to comet 81P/Wild 2 were investigated with TOF-SIMS. These grains showed a rather heterogeneous chemical and mineralogical composition on a submicrometer scale. However, their average chemical composition is close to bulk CI chondritic values, which is consistent with analyses of numerous Stardust samples using various techniques. As a result, the TOF-SIMS analyses support the conclusion that Wild 2 has a CI-like bulk composition. The cometary particles resemble anhydrous chondritic porous interplanetary dust particles, which have previously been suggested to originate from comets. For one of the fragments, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that could possibly be attributed to the comet were observed.
    • TOF-SIMS analysis of crater residues from Wild 2 cometary particles on Stardust aluminum foil

      Leitner, J.; Stephan, T.; Kearsley, A. T.; Hörz, F.; Flynn, G. J.; Sandford, S. A. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
      Impact residues of cometary particles on aluminum foils from the Stardust mission were investigated with TOF-SIMS for their elemental and organic composition. The residual matter from comet 81P/Wild 2 shows a wide compositional range, from nearly monomineralic grains to polymict aggregates. Despite the comparably small analyzed sample volume, the average element composition of the investigated residues is similar to bulk CI chondritic values. Analysis of organic components in impact residues is complicated, due to fragmentation and alteration of the compounds during the impact process and by the presence of contaminants on the aluminum foils. Nevertheless, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are unambiguously associated with the impact residues were observed, and thus are most likely of cometary origin.