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dc.contributor.authorSimonet, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorAmengual, Mark
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-19T21:30:29Z
dc.date.available2020-05-19T21:30:29Z
dc.date.issued2020-04
dc.identifier.citationSimonet, M., & Amengual, M. (2020). Increased language co-activation leads to enhanced cross-linguistic phonetic convergence. International Journal of Bilingualism, 24(2), 208–221. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006919826388en_US
dc.identifier.issn1367-0069
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1367006919826388
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/641342
dc.description.abstractPurpose: This study investigates the effects of bilingual language modes (or settings) on the speech production patterns of a group of early Catalan/Spanish bilinguals from Majorca, Spain. Our main research question was as follows: Are bilingual speech patterns modulated by the level of (co-)activation of a bilingual’s two languages? Design: Bilingual participants were classified as a function of their linguistic experience (or dominance), from Catalan- to Spanish-dominant. Subsequently, we recorded their speech in two experimental settings: a unilingual setting in which only Catalan words were uttered, and a bilingual setting in which both Catalan and Spanish words (cognates) were produced in random order. Data and Analysis: The study examined the acoustic realization of Spanish and Catalan unstressed /a/, which surfaces as [a] in Spanish but is reduced to schwa, [ə], in Catalan. The acoustic characteristics of unstressed /a/ were explored across the two languages and the two experimental settings. Findings: Catalan unstressed /a/, which was similarly reduced to schwa in the speech of all participants, became slightly more similar to Spanish unstressed /a/ (i.e., it had a higher first formant) when produced alongside Spanish words (bilingual setting) than when produced in a Catalan unilingual setting. There were no effects of linguistic experience, and the effects of setting did not interact with experience. Originality: Very few studies have reported effects of dynamic cross-linguistic interference in phonetic production, and even fewer have reported them with a phonetic variable resulting from a language-specific phonological process (unstressed vowel reduction) rather than a phonemic contrast. Implications: These findings suggest that cross-linguistic interaction is dynamic and modulated by language activation, and that an absence of dominance effects does not necessarily entail an absence of online cross-linguistic phonetic influence.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS LTDen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-licenseen_US
dc.subjectPhoneticsen_US
dc.subjectcross-linguistic influenceen_US
dc.subjectunstressed vowel reductionen_US
dc.subjectbilingual language modesen_US
dc.subjectCatalanen_US
dc.subjectSpanishen_US
dc.titleIncreased language co-activation leads to enhanced cross-linguistic phonetic convergenceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1756-6878
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Spanish & Appl Linguisten_US
dc.identifier.journalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BILINGUALISMen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten_US
dc.source.journaltitleInternational Journal of Bilingualism
dc.source.volume24
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage208
dc.source.endpage221
refterms.dateFOA2020-05-19T21:30:31Z


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