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dc.contributor.authorMishra, Vimal
dc.contributor.authorThirumalai, Kaustubh
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Deepti
dc.contributor.authorAadhar, Saran
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-07T20:35:15Z
dc.date.available2020-07-07T20:35:15Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-23
dc.identifier.citationMishra, V., Thirumalai, K., Singh, D. et al. Future exacerbation of hot and dry summer monsoon extremes in India. npj Clim Atmos Sci 3, 10 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-020-0113-5en_US
dc.identifier.issn2397-3722
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41612-020-0113-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/641820
dc.description.abstractSummer monsoon (June-September) precipitation is crucial for agricultural activities in India. Extremes during the monsoon season can have deleterious effects on water availability and agriculture in the region. Here, we show that hot and dry extremes during the summer monsoon season significantly impact food production in India and find that they tend to occur during El Nino years during the observed record of 1951-2018. We then use an ensemble of climate simulations for the historic (1971-2000) and future (2006-2100) that capture this coupling between El Nino and the Indian monsoon to show that the frequency of concurrent hot and dry extremes increases by a factor of 1.5 under continued greenhouse warming during the 21st century. Despite projections of summer monsoon intensification on the order of similar to 10%, the rise in surface air temperatures as well as increase in rainfall variability contributes to more severe hot and dry monsoon extremes over India, thereby posing a substantial challenge to future food security in India.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUPen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.titleFuture exacerbation of hot and dry summer monsoon extremes in Indiaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Geoscien_US
dc.identifier.journalNPJ CLIMATE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCEen_US
dc.description.noteOpen access journalen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.identifier.pii113
dc.source.journaltitlenpj Climate and Atmospheric Science
dc.source.volume3
dc.source.issue1
refterms.dateFOA2020-07-07T20:35:16Z


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Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.