AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Phys, Appl Math Program
Univ Arizona, Dept Astron
KeywordsGeneral Physics and Astronomy
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMelia, F. Reassessing dust’s role in forming the CMB. Eur. Phys. J. Plus 135, 511 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-00533-2
JournalEUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS
Rights© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractThe notion that dustmight have formed the cosmic microwave background (CMB) has been strongly refuted on the strength of four decades of observation and analysis, in favour of recombination at a redshift z similar to 1080. But tension with the data is growing in several other areas, including measurements of the Hubble constant H(z) and the BAO scale, which directly or indirectly impact the physics at the surface of last scattering (LSS). The R-h = ct universe resolves at least some of this tension. We show in this paper that-if the BAO scale is in fact equal to the acoustic horizon-the redshift of the LSS in this cosmology is z(cmb) similar to 16, placing it within the era of Pop III star formation, prior to the epoch of reionization at 15 greater than or similar to z greater than or similar to 6. Quite remarkably, the measured values of z(cmb) and H-0 = H(0) in this model are sufficient to argue that the CMB temperature today ought to be similar to 3 K, so H-0 and the baryon-to-photon ratio are not independent free parameters. This scenario might have resulted from rethermalization of the CMB photons by dust, presumably supplied to the interstellar medium by the ejecta of Pop III stars. Dust rethermalization may therefore yet resurface as a relevant ingredient in the R-h = ct universe. Upcoming high-sensitivity instruments should be able to readily distinguish between the recombination and dust scenarios by either (i) detecting recombination lines at z similar to 1080 or (ii) establishing a robust frequency-dependent variation of the CMB power spectrum at the level of similar to 2-4% across the sampled frequency range.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 20 June 2020
VersionFinal accepted manuscript