Gibson, Graham M.
Padgett, Miles J.
Wright, Ewan M.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Wyant Coll Opt Sci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationCromb, M., Gibson, G.M., Toninelli, E. et al. Amplification of waves from a rotating body. Nat. Phys. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-020-0944-3
Rights© 2020 Springer Nature Limited
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AbstractAcoustic waves that carry orbital angular momentum are amplified as they pass through an absorbing disk when the rotation rate exceeds the frequency of the incident wave, thus providing an experimental demonstration of Zel'dovich amplification. In 1971, Zel'dovich predicted that quantum fluctuations and classical waves reflected from a rotating absorbing cylinder will gain energy and be amplified. This concept, which is a key step towards the understanding that black holes may amplify quantum fluctuations, has not been verified experimentally owing to the challenging experimental requirement that the cylinder rotation rate must be larger than the incoming wave frequency. Here, we demonstrate experimentally that these conditions can be satisfied with acoustic waves. We show that low-frequency acoustic modes with orbital angular momentum are transmitted through an absorbing rotating disk and amplified by up to 30% or more when the disk rotation rate satisfies the Zel'dovich condition. These experiments address an outstanding problem in fundamental physics and have implications for future research into the extraction of energy from rotating systems.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 22 June 2020
VersionFinal accepted manuscript