Pharmacological DNA Demethylation Weakens Inhibitory Synapses in the Auditory Cortex and Re-opens the Critical Period for Frequency Map Plasticity
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Neurosci Program
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PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
CitationSchwartz, B., Wang, W., & Bao, S. (2020). Pharmacological DNA Demethylation Weakens Inhibitory Synapses in the Auditory Cortex and Re-opens the Critical Period for Frequency Map Plasticity. Neuroscience, 440, 239-248. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.05.056
RightsCopyright © 2020 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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AbstractThe critical period is a time of maximal plasticity within the cortex. The progression of the critical period is marked by experience-dependent transcriptional alterations in cortical neurons, which in turn shifts the excitatory-inhibitory balance in the brain, and accordingly reduces plasticity. Epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, control the transcriptional state of neurons, and have been shown to be dynamically regulated during the critical period. Here we show that adult animals have a significantly higher concentration of DNA methylation than critical period animals. Pharmacological reduction of DNA methylation in adult animals re-establishes critical period auditory map plasticity. Furthermore, the reduction of DNA methylation in adult animals, reverted intrinsic characteristics of inhibitory synapses to an immature state. Our data suggest that accumulation of DNA methylation during the critical period confers a mature phenotype to cortical neurons, which in turn, facilitates the reduction in plasticity seen after the critical period. (c) 2020 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 6 June 2020
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
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