An Archaeological Survey of the Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line Corridor (Volume 1) [No. 135]
EditorsRobertson, John F.
KeywordsIndians of North America -- Arizona -- Antiquities.
Archaeology -- Arizona -- Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line Corridor.
Archaeological surveying -- Arizona -- Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line.
Indians of North America -- Antiquities.
Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line Corridor (Ariz.) -- Antiquities.
Arizona -- Antiquities.
MetadataShow full item record
Other TitlesArizona State Museum Archaeological Series 135
CitationRobertson, John F. (editor). 1979. An Archaeological Survey of the Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line Corridor (Volume 1). Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series No. 135. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
AbstractThe Arizona Public Service Cholla-Saguaro Transmission Line corridor extends from Red Rock to Joseph City, Arizona, a distance of about 386 kilometers (240 miles). The corridor, a transect 100.5 meters (330 feet) wide, is associated with numerous access roads. The Arizona State Museum began archaeological survey of the corridor in 1974; field work was completed in 1977. During that time, 158 archaeological sites were identified, representing occupation of the areas involved by a wide cultural and temporal range of prehistoric and historic occupants. During the later stages of the survey, Museum personnel worked closely with representatives of Arizona Public Service and the United States Forest Service in order to develop strategies for the avoidance of archaeologically sensitive areas, to monitor any construction near archaeological sites so that damage to sites could be avoided, and to develop a program of data recovery for the mitigation of information loss associated with unavoidable impacts. Later reports will contain the results of this data recovery study; this report focuses on the results of survey and inventory efforts. Because data recovery work was begun before completion of the survey itself, no effort has been made in this report to detail site-specific recommendations for protection and data recovery. These are included in a series of interim reports submitted to the United States Forest Service and now on file at the Tonto and Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest offices and at the Arizona State Museum. Instead, this report provides the archaeological information derived from the survey project, as well as results of early (1974) data recovery efforts within the southern portion of the corridor. It is hoped that this report, in conjunction with the later mitigation reports, will provide a coherent account of the results of these studies.
Series/Report no.Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series, 135
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Prehistoric Occupation of Voigt Mesa, Arizona: The 1983 TEP Springerville Project [No. 166]Schreiber, Katharina J.; Sullivan, Alan P., III (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1984)The 1983 TEP Springerville Project was conducted by the Cultural Resources Managment Division of the Arizona State Museum under contract to the Tucson Electric Power Company. The project was designed to mitigate the effects of the planned expansion of the fly ash disposal area along the south edge of Voigt Mesa, three miles west of the TEP Springerville Generating Station. The project area was and remains under the ownership of the State of Arizona. Archaeological investigations on this land were carried out under Arizona State Museum Permit Number 83-25. Preliminary survey of the project area by John Wilson (1983) located three sites requiring intensive study: two ceramic period rock shelters along the south margin of Voigt Mesa, and an Archaic period site on the mesa top. One additional Archaic period site was located on the mesa top during the course of the mitigation project. Because of the limited areal scope of the project, the research design for each site stressed its chronological placement, and the elucidation of intrasite variability reflecting activity areas, seasonality of occupation, and temporally and spatially discrete occupations. Analysis of the artifacts was aimed at describing variability in lithic reduction technology, and the temporal and cultural change reflected by this variability. The site on the mesa top yielded evidence for intermittent occupation during late Paleo-Indian times (Southern Cody complex, about 6600 to 6000 B.C.), possibly during the early Archaic period (Jay phase, about 5500 to 4800 B.C.), and during the late Archaic period (Armijo phase, about 1800 to 800 B.C.). Other sites on the mesa top exhibit similar evidence for intermittent occupation, although none was studied in detail during this mitigation project. The two rock shelters were occupied during late Basketmaker and Pueblo times, and correspond in date to a number of sites located during the Dead Valley archaeological project (Doyel and Debowski 1980).
The Archaeological Survey of the Northern Tucson 138 kV Transmission Line System: The Northern Tucson Basin and Lower Santa Cruz Valley, Arizona [No. 132]Rozen, Kenneth (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1979)In August 1978, an archaeological survey of the proposed Northern Tucson 138 kV Transmission Line System was conducted by the Cultural Resource Management Section of the Arizona State Museum, under the sponsorship of the Tucson Gas & Electric Company (TG&E). The rights-of-way of about 40 miles of existing and proposed transmission lines, extending from within the city of Tucson, Arizona, north to the vicinity of Red Rock, Arizona, and the site of the proposed Tortolita Substation were surveyed. Most of the region in which the transmission line system is located has not previously been subjected to archaeological investigation. As a result of the survey, eight areas of archaeological remains were identified; four were assigned Arizona State Museum site numbers. Two of the sites are interpreted as representing the remains of prehistoric agricultural activities, while one site is a historic trash dump; the significance of the prehistoric remains at the fourth site is uncertain. The four areas of archaeological materials that were not assigned site status include two sparse scatters of prehistoric artifacts, a sparse prehistoric and historic artifact scatter, and a small concentration of lithic artifacts that is interpreted as having been produced by the reduction of one or two cobbles. In addition, numerous isolated artifacts were found widely scattered along most of the transmission line rights-of-way. Included in this report are a description of the transmission line system facilities and of the methods by which they were surveyed. The environmental setting of the project area, including its physiography, climate, geology, flora, and fauna, is briefly discussed, and a review of its archaeological background presented. The archaeological remains discovered during the survey are described, and their significance briefly discussed. Recommendations for the management of the archaeological resources are provided, and an opinion given regarding their eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places and the Arizona State Register of Historic Places.
Archaeological Investigations in the Snowflake-Mesa Redonda Area, East-Central Arizona: The Apache-Navajo South Project [No. 173]Neily, Robert B. (Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1988)The Apache-Navajo South Project was conducted by the Cultural Resource Management Division (CRMD) of the Arizona State Museum under contract with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The project was designed to evaluate 20 parcels of public land comprising 10,369 acres in the southern part of Apache and Navajo counties, Arizona, that were being considered for possible disposal in conjunction with the Navajo-Hopi Land Exchange Program. An archaeological survey was conducted between August 27 and September 28, 1984, and 65 prehistoric sites, 3 historic sites, and a petroglyph site were recorded. A report was submitted to the BLM in January, 1985, documenting the results of this survey and outlining recommendations for the mitigation of impacts to these cultural resources. In June of 1985, a research design was submitted to the BLM for data recovery at five prehistoric sites dating between approximately A.D. 850 and 1250 and situated in four of the parcels designated for disposal. The emphasis of the research design was the documentation of prehistoric land use and subsistence patterns primarily in the upland regions of the Snowflake-Mesa Redonda area, where four of the sites were located. The fifth site, situated along a tributary wash of Millet Swale, was to provide a comparative data base on valley land-use patterns. The initial data recovery efforts at the five sites extended between July 22 and August 12 of 1985, with additional work being performed between September 10 and October 25, 1985. This report, in addition to summarizing the results of the 1984 survey, presents the results of the data recovery efforts at the five sites and a synthesis of the project. (excerpted from Preface)