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dc.contributor.authorBallard, Teena M.
dc.contributor.authorKrueger, William C.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-05T21:18:51Z
dc.date.available2020-09-05T21:18:51Z
dc.date.issued2005-05-01
dc.identifier.citationBallard, T. M., & Krueger, W. C. (2005). Cattle and salmon II: interactions between cattle and spawning spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in a northeastern Oregon riparian ecosystem. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 58(3), 274-278.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2111/1551-5028(2005)58[274:CASIIB]2.0.CO;2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643263
dc.description.abstractThe study addressed the interaction between cattle and spawning spring chinook salmon late in the summer, when it is common for cattle to be present in pastures that have streams where spawning occurs. We addressed the occurrence of spawning in the study area and 2 potential impacts of cattle behavior during chinook salmon spawning: 1) disruption of spawning behavior by the presence of cattle near the redd and 2) the frequency of actual cattle contact with redds. Frequency of salmon redds was not significantly different in the stream reaches accessible to cattle compared with excluded reaches. Salmon continued preexisting patterns of behavior while cattle were within visible range of a redd. Cattle were seldom close to a redd and the chance for direct interaction to occur was minimal. When cattle were visibly near the active redd, cattle remained greater than 3.0 m from the active redd 84% of the time. Of the total time redds were observed, cattle contacted the redds <0.01% of the time. Previous studies have shown salmon that are harassed during spawning can retain eggs and even go completely unspawned. All salmon fully spawned in the study area in both years of the study.  
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectbehavior
dc.subjectsalmon redd
dc.subjectenvironmental impact
dc.subjectendangered species
dc.titleCattle and Salmon II: Interactions Between Cattle and Spawning Spring Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in a Northeastern Oregon Riparian Ecosystem
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalRangeland Ecology & Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Rangeland Ecology & Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.description.admin-noteLegacy DOIs that must be preserved: 10.2458/azu_rangelands_v58i3_krueger2
dc.source.volume58
dc.source.issue3
dc.source.beginpage274-278
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-05T21:18:51Z


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