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dc.contributor.authorTate, K. W.
dc.contributor.authorAtwill, E. R.
dc.contributor.authorMcDougald, N. K.
dc.contributor.authorGeorge, M. R.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-18T04:03:00Z
dc.date.available2020-09-18T04:03:00Z
dc.date.issued2003-09-01
dc.identifier.citationTate, K. W., Atwill, E. R., McDougald, N. K., & George, M. R. (2003). Spatial and temporal patterns of cattle feces deposition on rangeland. Journal of Range Management, 56(5), 432-438.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003833
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/azu_jrm_v56i5_tate
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643461
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this study was to identify and model environmental and management factors associated with cattle feces deposition patterns across annual rangeland watersheds in the Sierra Nevada foothills. Daily cattle fecal load accumulation rates were calculated from seasonal fecal loads measured biannually on 40 m2 permanent transects distributed across a 150.5 ha pasture in Madera County, Calif. during the 4 year period from 1995 through 1998. Associations between daily fecal load per season, livestock management, and environmental factors measured for each transect were determined using a linear mixed effects model. Cattle feces distribution patterns were significantly associated with location of livestock attractants, slope percentage, slope aspect, hydrologic position, and season. Transects located in livestock concentration areas experienced a significantly higher daily fecal load compared to transects outside of these concentration areas (P < 0.001). Percent slope was negatively associated with daily fecal load, but this association had a significant interaction with slope aspect (P = 0.02). Daily fecal load was significantly lower during the wet season compared to the dry season (P = 0.002). Daily fecal loading rates across hydrologic positions were dependent upon season. Our results illustrate the opportunities to reduce the risk of water quality contamination by strategic placement of cattle attractants, and provide a means to predict cattle feces deposition based upon inherent watershed characteristics and management factors.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectdry seasons
dc.subjectwet season
dc.subjectcattle manure
dc.subjectforage quality
dc.subjectwatershed hydrology
dc.subjectslope
dc.subjectlinear models
dc.subjectdefecation
dc.subjectaspect
dc.subjectwater supply
dc.subjectanimal preferences
dc.subjectwater troughs
dc.subjectCalifornia
dc.subjectspatial distribution
dc.subjectrange management
dc.subjectseasonal variation
dc.subjectgrazing
dc.subjectbeef cattle
dc.subjectwater quality
dc.subjectpathogens
dc.subjectgrazing distribution
dc.subjectwatershed management
dc.titleSpatial and temporal patterns of cattle feces deposition on rangeland
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume56
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage432-438
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-18T04:03:00Z


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