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dc.contributor.authorMasters, R. A.
dc.contributor.authorSheley, R. L.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-18T04:55:47Z
dc.date.available2020-09-18T04:55:47Z
dc.date.issued2001-09-01
dc.identifier.citationMasters, R. A., & Sheley, R. (2001). Invited synthesis paper: principles and practices for managing rangeland invasive plants. Journal of Range Management, 54(5), 502-517.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003579
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/azu_jrm_v54i5_masters
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643585
dc.description.abstractInvasive plants reduce the capacity of ecosystems to provide goods and services required by society, alter ecological processes, and can displace desirable species. They can reduce wildlife habitat quality, riparian area integrity, rangeland economic value, and enterprise net returns. The invasion process is regulated by characteristics of the invading plant and the community being invaded. The presence and spread of invasive plants is often symptomatic of underlying management problems that must be corrected before acceptable, long-term rangeland improvement can be achieved. Disturbance appears to be important early in the invasion process because it creates vacant niches that alien plants can occupy. Control of invasive plants may only open niches for establishment of other undesirable plants unless desirable plants are present to fill the vacated niches. In many instances, rangelands have deteriorated to the point that desirable species are either not present, or in such low abundance that plant community recovery is slow or will not occur without revegetation after invasive plants are controlled. Integrated weed management employs the planned, sequential use of multiple tactics (e.g. chemical, biological, cultural, and mechanical control measures) to improve ecosystem function (energy flow and nutrient cycling) and maintain invasive plant damage below economic levels, and emphasizes managing rangeland ecosystem functions to meet objectives rather than emphasizing a particular weed or control method. Sustainable, integrated invasive plant management strategies require assessing plant impacts, understanding and managing the processes influencing invasion, knowledge of invasive plant biology and ecology, and are based on ecological principles. Invasive plant management programs must be compatible with and integrated into overall rangeland resource management objectives and plans. Because of the complexity of managing invasive plants, it is imperative that relevant ecological and economic information be synthesized into user-friendly decision support systems.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectdecision support systems
dc.subjectmechanical methods
dc.subjectintegrated pest management
dc.subjectexpert systems
dc.subjectweeds
dc.subjectcultural control
dc.subjectbiological control
dc.subjectendemic species
dc.subjectcrop-weed competition
dc.subjectdecision making
dc.subjectrange condition
dc.subjectecological succession
dc.subjectinvasion
dc.subjectherbicides
dc.subjectweed control
dc.subjectplant communities
dc.subjectland restoration
dc.subjectrange management
dc.subjectintroduced species
dc.subjectrangelands
dc.subjectbiological control
dc.subjectherbicides
dc.subjectrevegetation
dc.subjectnative plants
dc.subjectalien plants
dc.subjectrestoration
dc.subjectrenovation
dc.subjectadaptive management
dc.subjectintegrated weed management
dc.subjectnoxious weeds
dc.titlePrinciples and practices for managing rangeland invasive plants
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume54
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage502-517
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-18T04:55:47Z


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