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dc.contributor.authorBello, J.
dc.contributor.authorGallina, S.
dc.contributor.authorEquihua, M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-18T04:55:54Z
dc.date.available2020-09-18T04:55:54Z
dc.date.issued2001-09-01
dc.identifier.citationBello, J., Gallina, S., & Equihua, M. (2001). Characterization and habitat preferences by white-tailed deer in Mexico. Journal of Range Management, 54(5), 537-545.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003582
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/azu_jrm_v54i5_bello
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643588
dc.description.abstractWe analyzed the habitat preferences of white-tailed deer in a 1,000 ha area in an arid region of northeastern Mexico where drinking water is abundant throughout the year (via 33 water troughs). Seven habitat types in the study area were identified and characterized. Within each habitat, feeding, searching, and bedding activities were evaluated during the reproduction, postreproduction and fawning seasons of the annual deer cycle. The Acacia-Celtis habitat provided the greatest amount of hiding and thermal cover and edible food. The Prosopis habitat also provided significant hiding and thermal cover. Hilaria and Opuntia were the most open habitats. Habitat preferences, evaluated by radiotracking 14 deer over a period of 2 years, varied between sexes and years (P << 0.00001), but not among seasons (P > 0.05). Male deer preferred open habitats, while females preferred more densely covered ones. Males and females avoided Prosopis during 1996. Both sexes distributed the 3 activities more evenly during 1996 than during 1995. In 1995, females preferred Flourensia and Acacia-Celtis habitats for all activities, and during 1996 males preferred Hilaria and Leucophyllum. Between year changes in precipitation could explain the observed variability: during 1995 rainfall was 136 mm, as compared to 276 mm in 1996. Requirements for cover increased markedly in 1995 due to high predation and extremely dry conditions. Overall, our study shows that under good weather conditions, habitat preferences are best explained by variables associated with food availability, while thermal cover is more important under harsh weather conditions, even when drinking water is abundant.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectLeucophyllum
dc.subjectCeltis
dc.subjectrest
dc.subjectshade
dc.subjectAcacia
dc.subjectHilaria
dc.subjectpredator-prey relationships
dc.subjectOpuntia
dc.subjectshrublands
dc.subjectFlourensia
dc.subjecthabitat selection
dc.subjectProsopis
dc.subjectarid zones
dc.subjectsearching behavior
dc.subjectfeeding
dc.subjectgrasslands
dc.subjectgender differences
dc.subjectMexico
dc.subjectrain
dc.subjectanimal preferences
dc.subjectOdocoileus virginianus
dc.subjectanimal behavior
dc.subjectplant communities
dc.subjectseasonal variation
dc.subjectcanopy
dc.subjectforage
dc.subjectOdocoileus virginianus
dc.subjectNortheastern zone
dc.subjectwater sources
dc.subjectradiotelemetry
dc.subjecthiding cover|thermal cover
dc.subjectforage
dc.titleCharacterization and habitat preferences by white-tailed deer in Mexico
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume54
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage537-545
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-18T04:55:54Z


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