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dc.contributor.authorZuo, Haitao
dc.contributor.authorMiller-Goodman, Mary S.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-18T05:07:41Z
dc.date.available2020-09-18T05:07:41Z
dc.date.issued2003-03-01
dc.identifier.citationZuo, H., & Miller-Goodman, M. S. (2003). An index for description of landscape use by cattle. Journal of Range Management, 56(2), 146-151.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003898
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/azu_jrm_v56i2_zuo
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643730
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the role of landscape diversity in livestock distribution patterns is an important consideration for design of effective grazing systems. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a Distribution Evenness Index (DEI) based on the Shannon-Wiener index to characterize cattle distribution patterns for a heterogenous landscape within a given period of time. Observations of diurnal behavior of beef cattle (Bos taurus) were made in grassland, wooded, and riparian habitats within a fenced landscape from March to October 2000 at a farm in north-central Alabama. The DEI was calculated based on observation records at different time intervals (15-, 30-, and 60-min) and different levels of grassland habitat subdivision (18-, 9-, and 6-zones). Comparisons of calculated DEI values were made among different habitat types, observation intervals, landscape subdivision levels, and daytime periods. Annual DEI means indicated low evenness of cattle distribution in riparian (0.517) and wooded habitats (0.606), and consistently high evenness in the grassland habitat (0.860). Although grazing activity in the grassland habitat was uneven between different daytime periods (0.565 to 0.679), when combined for the total daytime period, grazing activity in the grassland habitat had a high evenness value (0.855). Relative stability of the DEI calculated between selected spatial and temporal scales in this study indicated that the index may be useful for comparison of evenness of livestock habitat use and grazing patterns between different studies at similar spatial and temporal scales.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectbeef cattle
dc.subjectdiurnal grazing behaviors
dc.subjectlocation choice
dc.subjectdistribution evenness
dc.subjectriparian areas
dc.titleAn index for description of landscape use by cattle
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume56
dc.source.issue2
dc.source.beginpage146-151
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-18T05:07:41Z


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