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dc.contributor.authorMasters, R. A.
dc.contributor.authorBeran, D. D.
dc.contributor.authorGaussoin, R. E.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T05:21:34Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T05:21:34Z
dc.date.issued2001-07-01
dc.identifier.citationMasters, R. A., Beran, D. D., & Gaussoin, R. E. (2001). Restoring tallgrass prairie species mixtures on leafy spurge-infested rangeland. Journal of Range Management, 54(4), 362-369.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003104
dc.identifier.doi10.2458/azu_jrm_v54i4_masters
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643881
dc.description.abstractLeafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) reduces northern Great Plains rangeland carrying capacity. Treatment strategies were evaluated that suppressed leafy spurge and facilitated establishment of mixtures of native grasses and legumes on range sites near Mason City and Tilden, Nebr. Glyphosate at 1,600 g a.i. (active ingredient) ha(-1) was applied with or without imazapic at 140 or 210 g a.i. ha(-1) in October 1995. In April 1996, standing crop was burned or mowed. Mixtures of native grasses [big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii Vitman), indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash), and sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtiplendula (Michx.) Torr.)] were then planted with or without native legumes [leadplant (Amorpha canescens (Nutt.) Pursh), Illinois bundleflower (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacM.), and purple prairieclover (Petalostemum purpureum (Vent.) Rybd.)] at 440 pls m(-2) into a non-tilled seedbed. Imazapic was applied at 70 g a.i. ha(-1) in June 1996 to half the plots that had been treated with imazapic in October 1995. Frequency, dry matter yield, and leafy spurge density were measured 14 to 16 months after planting. Leafy spurge density and yield were least, and frequencies and yields of the planted grasses usually were greatest where imazapic had been applied with glyphosate in October 1995. Purple prairieclover was the only planted legume to persist 14 months after planting, and yields were greatest where imazapic was applied with glyphosate. Imazapic applied in June 1996 usually did not improve planted species yields or leafy spurge control. Total vegetation yields were greater where imazapic was applied with glyphosate at both sites and where native species were seeded at Mason City. Vegetation suppression with fall-applied herbicides and removal of standing crop enabled successful establishment of desirable species, increased forage yields, and suppressed leafy spurge.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectdry matter accumulation
dc.subjectlegumes
dc.subjectinfestation
dc.subjectglyphosate
dc.subjectcarrying capacity
dc.subjectEuphorbia esula
dc.subjectspecies diversity
dc.subjectweed control
dc.subjectNebraska
dc.subjectland restoration
dc.subjectplant density
dc.subjectestablishment
dc.subjectprairies
dc.subjectbotanical composition
dc.subjectrangelands
dc.subjectgrasses
dc.subjectprescribed fire
dc.subjectgrassland restoration
dc.subjectimazapic
dc.subjectglyphosate
dc.subjectwarm-season grasses
dc.subjectcool-season grasses
dc.subjectlegumes
dc.subjectinvasive plants
dc.titleRestoring tallgrass prairie species mixtures on leafy spurge-infested rangeland
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume54
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage362-369
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T05:21:34Z


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