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dc.contributor.authorPfister, J. A.
dc.contributor.authorCheney, C. D.
dc.contributor.authorGardner, D. R.
dc.contributor.authorManners, G. D.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T05:38:45Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T05:38:45Z
dc.date.issued1998-09-01
dc.identifier.citationPfister, J. A., Cheney, C. D., Gardner, D. R., & Manners, G. D. (1998). Mineral-salt supplement does not attenuate tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) toxicosis in cattle. Journal of Range Management, 51(5), 566-569.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003377
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/643980
dc.description.abstractSevere livestock losses caused by tall larkspur (Delphinium spp.) consumption have caused many producers to try various preventative measures, including the use of mineral-salt supplementation. The objective of tbis study was to determine if additions or deletions of a mineral-salt supplement (Binn's #1 Alleviator) would alter the response (i.e., rate of nose pressing) of cattle to tall larkspur exposure. The dose response of 5 Jersey steers was examined by systematically adding 0.25 mg of mineral-salt/kg body weight, and comparing responses in the same steers without salt supplements. Steers were then run under a variable ratio (VR) reinforcement schedule and periodically dosed with tall larkspur at a level causing a significant decrease in responding without provoking overt signs of intoxication. Response rate with and without mineral-salt supplement was the major dependent variable; 3 to 5 "on-off" cycles were conducted for each subject. Steers reduced (P < 0.05) their rate of grain intake by 34% during operant sessions when larkspur was dosed compared to the previous non-dosed 3-day baseline. Rate of nose pressing was reduced (P < 0.01) on tall larkspur dose days by 28% vs. the 3-day non-dosed baseline. This reduction was indicative of the effects of the effects of subclinical larkspur intoxication on steers. On days when larkspur was dosed and animals were intoxicated, the addition of mineral did not alter (P > 0.1) grain intake (1.64 +/- 0.17 kg/session) compared to days when no mineral was given (1.76 +/- 0.13 kg/session). On larkspur dose days (i.e. when animals were intoxicated), the average response rates were 82.9 +/- 3.7 and 85.8 +/- 4.0 responses/min (P > 0.1) when off and on mineral, respectively. We concluded that mineral/salt supplementation had no effect on the response of steers to doses of tall larkspur that produced subclinical intoxication.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectdose response
dc.subjectdosage
dc.subjecttraining (animals)
dc.subjectpoisoning
dc.subjectDelphinium barbeyi
dc.subjectdietary mineral supplements
dc.subjectbarley
dc.subjectcattle
dc.subjectUtah
dc.subjectfeed intake
dc.titleMineral-salt supplement does not attenuate tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) toxicosis in cattle
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume51
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage566-569
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T05:38:45Z


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