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dc.contributor.authorWalker, J. W.
dc.contributor.authorClark, D. H.
dc.contributor.authorMcCoy, S. D.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T05:55:35Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T05:55:35Z
dc.date.issued1998-07-01
dc.identifier.citationWalker, J. W., Clark, D. H., & McCoy, S. D. (1998). Fecal NIRS for predicting percent leafy spurge in diets. Journal of Range Management, 51(4), 450-455.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4003333
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644102
dc.description.abstractResearch on diet selection is limited by inadequate techniques for determining botanical composition of diets. Our objective was to determine if near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) of fecal material could be used to quantify the percentage leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) in the diets of sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus). Fecal material representing diets of known percentage leafy spurge was obtained from feeding trials conducted in 1992 and 1994. In 1992, diets containing 87.5, 75, 60, 45, 30, and 15% leafy spurge were fed to 20 sheep and 20 goats. In 1994 10 sheep and 10 goats were fed alfalfa hay (Medicago sativa L.) at 0.5% of their body weight and ad libitum access to leafy spurge hay. Thus, the percent leafy spurge in the diet varied daily. Microhistological analysis was performed on fecal samples from the 1992 trial for comparison with NIRS predictions. Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy evaluations were performed with a scanning reflectance monochromator. Calibrations were done separately for sheep and goats. Samples were divided into calibration and validation sets. Data from the 1994 feeding trial were analyzed to determine the appropriate lag time between diet consumption and fecal spectral characteristics that provided the best prediction. The average of the diet composition 48 and 72 hours prior to the fecal sample provided the best predictions for the 1994 trial. The effect of spectral outliers on prediction accuracy was also evaluated. Spectral outliers were predicted with equal or better accuracy compared to samples that were spectrally similar to the ones from which calibration equations were derived. The NIRS predictions were more accurate than microhistological estimation of leafy spurge in the diet. The final calibration equation had coefficients of simple correlation for validation samples of 0.91 and 0.93 and standard errors of prediction of 4.6 and 4.8 for goats and sheep, respectively. The results of this study showed that NIRS of fecal material can be used to screen large numbers of animals for phenotypic differences in diet selection and for making treatment comparisons.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectspectral analysis
dc.subjectalfalfa
dc.subjectalfalfa hay
dc.subjectEuphorbia esula
dc.subjectcalibration
dc.subjectfeces
dc.subjectinfrared spectroscopy
dc.subjecthay
dc.subjectsheep
dc.subjectgoats
dc.subjectfeeding preferences
dc.titleFecal NIRS for predicting percent leafy spurge in diets
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume51
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage450-455
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T05:55:35Z


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