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dc.contributor.authorPowell, G. W.
dc.contributor.authorPitt, M. D.
dc.contributor.authorWikeem, B. M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T18:32:07Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T18:32:07Z
dc.date.issued1994-09-01
dc.identifier.citationPowell, G. W., Pitt, M. D., & Wikeem, B. M. (1994). Effect of forage seeding on early growth and survival of lodgepole pine. Journal of Range Management, 47(5), 379-384.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4002334
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644382
dc.description.abstractSmooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leys.), orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum L.), and a mixture by mass of 40% orchardgrass, 40% alsike clover, and 20% white clover (Trifolium repens L.), were sown at 0.5, 1.5, 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 kg/ha on a forest clear-cut in the southern interior of British Columbia. The seeding treatments were monitored for 3 growing seasons following planting to determine their influence on the growth, survival and damage of planted one-year old lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.) seedlings. Competing vegetation reduced lodgepole pine diameter by up to 38% (P < 0.004) and heights by up to 30% (P < 0.005). Lodgepole pine basal diameters (P < 0.002), height (P < 0.02) and survival (P < 0.03) decreased linearly with increasing forage seeding rate. Lodgepole pines planted with smooth bromegrass had up to 59% larger (P < 0.01) diameters and were up to 33% taller (P < 0.06) than those planted with orchardgrass at equal seeding rates by mass. Lodgepole pine cumulative mortality was 2 to 5 times greater (P < 0.0001) on plots sown to alsike clover compared to plots sown with smooth bromegrass or orchardgrass. Rodent damage peaked between the first and second growing seasons at 24% of the lodgepole pine seedlings; rodent damage was similar (P > 0.05) among the treatments and controls, and conifer survival was independent (P > 0.05) of rodent damage.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectafforestation
dc.subjectBromus inermis
dc.subjectDactylis glomerata
dc.subjectclearcutting
dc.subjectBritish Columbia
dc.subjectPinus contorta
dc.subjectsowing rates
dc.subjectgrowth rate
dc.subjectplant competition
dc.titleEffect of forage seeding on early growth and survival of lodgepole pine
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume47
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage379-384
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T18:32:07Z


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