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dc.contributor.authorHart, R. H.
dc.contributor.authorBissio, J.
dc.contributor.authorSamuel, M. J.
dc.contributor.authorWaggoner, J. W.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T19:08:02Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T19:08:02Z
dc.date.issued1993-01-01
dc.identifier.citationHart, R. H., Bissio, J., Samuel, M. J., & Waggoner, J. W. (1993). Grazing systems, pasture size, and cattle grazing behavior, distribution and gains. Journal of Range Management, 46(1), 81-87.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4002452
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644570
dc.description.abstractReduced pasture size and distance to water may be responsible for the alleged benefits of intensive time-controlled rotation grazing systems. We compared cattle gains, activity, distance traveled, and forage utilization on a time-controlled rotation system with eight 24-ha pastures, on two 24-ha pastures grazed continuously (season-long), and on a 207-ha pasture grazed continuously, all stocked at the same rate. Utilization on the 207-ha pasture, but not on the 24-ha pastures, declined with distance from water. At distances greater than 3 km from water in the 207-ha pasture, utilization was significantly less than on adjacent 24-ha pastures, at distances of 1.0 to 1.6 km from water. Cows on the 207-ha pasture travelled farther (6.1 km/day) than cows on the 24-ha rotation pastures (4.2 km/day), which traveled farther than cows on the 24-ha continuously grazed pastures (3.2 km/day). Grazing system, range site, slope, and weather had minimal effects on cow activity patterns. Gains of cows and calves were less on the 207-ha pasture (0.24 and 0.77 kg/day, respectively) than on the 24-ha rotation pastures or 24-ha continuously grazed pastures (0.42 and 0.89 kg/da, respectively), with no differences between the latter. Calculated "hoof action" on the rotation pastures was less than that demonstrated to increase seed burial and seedling emergence. Intensive rotation grazing systems are unlikely to benefit animal performance unless they reduce pasture size and distance to water below previous levels, decreasing travel distance and increasing uniformity of grazing.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectsize
dc.subjectdrinking water
dc.subjectgrazing time
dc.subjectdistance travelled
dc.subjectcontrolled grazing
dc.subjectliveweight gain
dc.subjectcontinuous grazing
dc.subjectduration
dc.subjectpastures
dc.subjectrotational grazing
dc.subjectgrazing behavior
dc.subjectgrazing
dc.subjectbeef cattle
dc.titleGrazing systems, pasture size, and cattle grazing behavior, distribution and gains
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume46
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage81-87
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T19:08:02Z


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