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dc.contributor.authorFowler, J. L.
dc.contributor.authorHageman, J. H.
dc.contributor.authorMoore, K. J.
dc.contributor.authorSuzukida, M.
dc.contributor.authorAssadian, H.
dc.contributor.authorValenzuela, M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-23T20:18:42Z
dc.date.available2020-09-23T20:18:42Z
dc.date.issued1992-11-01
dc.identifier.citationFowler, J. L., Hageman, J. H., Moore, K. J., Suzukida, M., Assadian, H., & Valenzuela, M. (1992). Salinity effects on forage quality of Russian thistle. Journal of Range Management, 45(6), 559-563.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4002572
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644622
dc.description.abstractRussian thistle (Salsola iberica Sennen and Pau), a common weed found on overgrazed rangelands, abandoned farmlands, and other disturbed sites in the western United States, is often grazed by livestock and in times of drought has been extensively harvested for hay. Much of the land where Russian thistle grows in the western United States has a salinity hazard. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of salinity stress on forage quality of Russian thistle. Russian thistle plants were grown in a greenhouse in sand culture irrigated with salinized nutrient solutions (electrical conductivities of 1.3, 10.6, 19.5, 26.8, and 33.9 dS/m) prepared with NaCl and CaCl2 (2:1 molar ratio). Chemical indices of forage quality (total N, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, acid detergent lignin, nitrate, and oxalates) at 2 growth stages (early flower and full flower) were determined. Forage quality of Russian thistle, as measured by total N and fiber constituents, improved with increasing salinity. Mineral ash content increased with salinity stress at both growth stages but was reduced slightly by increasing maturity. Nitrate levels increased at early flower but decreased at full flower with increasing salinity, whereas oxalate-levels at both growth stages were reduced by salinity. Neither component was of sufficient magnitude to be toxic to ruminants. These results indicate that salinity stress is not detrimental to forage quality of Russian thistle but tends to improve it.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectsodium chloride
dc.subjectnitrates
dc.subjectoxalates
dc.subjectnutrient solutions
dc.subjectsalinity
dc.subjectsaline water
dc.subjectSalsola tragus
dc.subjectcalcium chloride
dc.subjectsalt stress
dc.subjectlignin
dc.subjectcell wall components
dc.subjectfiber content
dc.subjectnitrogen
dc.subjectwater quality
dc.subjectnutritive value
dc.subjectquality
dc.subjectNew Mexico
dc.subjectforage
dc.subjectchemical constituents of plants
dc.titleSalinity effects on forage quality of Russian thistle
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume45
dc.source.issue6
dc.source.beginpage559-563
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-23T20:18:42Z


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