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dc.contributor.authorWikeem, B. M.
dc.contributor.authorPitt, M. D.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-24T02:08:42Z
dc.date.available2020-09-24T02:08:42Z
dc.date.issued1991-09-01
dc.identifier.citationWikeem, B. M., & Pitt, M. D. (1991). Grazing effects and range trend assessment on California bighorn sheep range. Journal of Range Management, 44(5), 466-470.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/4002746
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644721
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the effect of grazing by California bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis californiana) on plant community structure. Over 28 months from 1977 to 1979, bighorn diet consisted of 79 species, including 14 grasses, 47 forbs and bryophytes, plus 18 trees and shrubs. Grasses, forbs, and shrubs comprised 66.6, 18.9, and 14.5% of the diet, respectively. Three years of bighorn sheep grazing reduced (P < 0.05) leaf and culm lengths of bluebunch wheatgrass (Agropyron spicatum (Pursh) Scribn. & Smith). Grazing generally reduced leaf length, basal diameter, culm (stem) length, and culm (stem) numbers of prairie Junegrass (Koeleria cristata Pers.), Sandberg's bluegrass (Poa sandbergii Vasey), needle-and-thread (Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr.), Thompson's paintbrush (Castilleja thompsonii Pennell), silky lupine (Lupinus sericeus Pursh), and snow buckwheat (Eriogonum niveum Dougl.). Vigor of arrowleaf balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt.) was unaffected by grazing, despite its dietary importance. Total plant frequency remained unchanged between 1976 and 1983 in areas grazed by bighorn sheep, and in grazing exclosures. Total grass frequency declined from 46.5 to 30.8% within the exclosures, but increased from 44.7 to 48.8% in response to bighorn sheep grazing. Forb frequency remained unchanged after 7 years of bighorn sheep grazing while frequency of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) increased more inside exclosures than on the grazed area. Botanical composition of shrubs increased on grazed and ungrazed areas from 1976 to 1983, but frequency was unaffected by bighorn sheep grazing. Snow buckwheat and Wyeth buckwheat (Eriogonum heracleoides Nutt.) declined in response to bighorn sheep grazing. Successional trends caused by California bighorn sheep grazing differed from trends expected from cattle grazing.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectOvis canadensis
dc.subjectOvis canadensis californiana
dc.subjectcommunity ecology
dc.subjectBritish Columbia
dc.subjectgrasslands
dc.subjectplant ecology
dc.subjectspecies diversity
dc.subjectecological succession
dc.subjectfeces composition
dc.subjectvigor
dc.subjectplant communities
dc.subjectshrubs
dc.subjectbotanical composition
dc.subjectgrazing
dc.subjectgrasses
dc.subjectforage
dc.subjectfeeding preferences
dc.titleGrazing effects and range trend assessment on California bighorn sheep range
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume44
dc.source.issue5
dc.source.beginpage466-470
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-24T02:08:42Z


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