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dc.contributor.authorParker, K. L.
dc.contributor.authorGillingham, M. P.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-24T02:31:15Z
dc.date.available2020-09-24T02:31:15Z
dc.date.issued1990-01-01
dc.identifier.citationParker, K. L., & Gillingham, M. P. (1990). Estimates of critical thermal environments for mule deer. Journal of Range Management, 43(1), 73-81.
dc.identifier.issn0022-409X
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/3899126
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/644872
dc.description.abstractMule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) can be thermally stressed under a wide range of ambient conditions. We developed a model that provides examples of the combinations of wind, solar radiation, and air temperature that may result in thermally critical environments for standing, full-fed adult mule deer during winter in snow-covered and snow-free, open habitats, and in meadows in summer. Critical thermal combinations of environmental variables are shown as 3-dimensional surfaces and tables. Animal size, age, pelage characteristics, and ground cover (height and albedo) further affect the energy costs for thermoregulation by mule deer. The need for habitat managers to consider the provision of thermal cover to reduce heat or cold stress in mule deer depends on the combinations of environmental variables in a particular habitat and geographic location. Implications, limitations, and management considerations of our estimates are discussed.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for Range Management
dc.relation.urlhttps://rangelands.org/
dc.rightsCopyright © Society for Range Management.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectthermoregulation
dc.subjectenergy requirements
dc.subjectsolar radiation
dc.subjectcritical temperature
dc.subjectwind effects
dc.subjectthermal cover
dc.subjectstandard operative temperature
dc.subjecthabitats
dc.subjectair temperature
dc.subjectcold stress
dc.subjectwinter
dc.subjectOdocoileus hemionus
dc.subjectwildlife management
dc.subjectrange management
dc.titleEstimates of critical thermal environments for mule deer
dc.typetext
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Range Management
dc.description.noteThis material was digitized as part of a cooperative project between the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries.
dc.description.collectioninformationThe Journal of Range Management archives are made available by the Society for Range Management and the University of Arizona Libraries. Contact lbry-journals@email.arizona.edu for further information.
dc.eprint.versionFinal published version
dc.description.admin-noteMigrated from OJS platform August 2020
dc.source.volume43
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage73-81
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-24T02:31:15Z


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