Caryopsis Weight and Planting Depth of Blue Grama. I. Morphology, Emergence, and Seedling Growth
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CitationCarren, C. J., Wilson, A. M., Cuany, R. L., & Thor, G. L. (1987). Caryopsis weight and planting depth of blue grama. I. Morphology, emergence, and seedling growth. Journal of Range Management, 40(3), 207-211.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractBlue grama [Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Steud.] has been difficult to establish from seed on disturbed areas of the Central Plains. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of caryopsis weight, planting depth, and genetic variability on seedling emergence of blue grama. Two experiments were conducted in the greenhouse under favorable moisture conditions with 3 accessions and various combinations of caryopsis weight and planting depth. Measurements included rate of germination and emergence as an index, percentage emergence, shoot length, shoot weight, seminal root length, coleoptile length, subcoleoptile internode length and weight, adventitious root weight, and longest adventitious root length. The length of the subcoleoptile internode increased in response to greater planting depth but weight per unit length decreased. If this indicates a decrease in internode diameter it could decrease the rate of water transport through the internode. Deep plantings were not advantageous to emergence or seedling growth under favorable soil moisture conditions and caused a delay in emergence and decreased percentage emergence, shoot weight, and adventitious root weight. High caryopsis weight was associated with an increase in emergence, weight per unit length of the subcoleoptile internode, coleoptile length, shoot weight, and adventitious root weight. Therefore, high caryopsis weight is advantageous in the deep planting of blue grama seeds and allows seeds to be planted deeper to take advantage of moisture for germination and emergence.