Understory Herbage Production of Major Soils within the Black Hills of South Dakota
MetadataShow full item record
CitationBennett, D. L., Lemme, G. D., & Evenson, P. D. (1987). Understory herbage production of major soils within the Black Hills of South Dakota. Journal of Range Management, 40(2), 166-170.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractTwo-year understory production was determined on 6 major forest soils across 2 geomorphic regions in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Stepwise multiple regression was used to determine those variables best explaining yield variability. Canopy cover, basal area, soils, May-June precipitation, and soil × cover interactions further improved the models, which accounted for 65 to 76% of the variability in herbage production. Footslope, nonskeletal soils had the highest herbage production (yielding 1,800 kg/ha at 0% canopy cover). The least developed, backslope, skeletal soil had the lowest herbage production (producing only 550 kg/ha at 0% canopy cover) from comparable areas of the Black Hills. Developed models can be used in conjunction with soil survey reports to estimate the forage potential of a given soil mapping unit. Results from this study emphasize the importance of considering the understory vegetation production potential of individual soil series when developing grazable woodland management plans. Soil-related production differences were most strongly expressed under conditions of limited overstory canopy cover.