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CitationStevens, E. J., Thomson, G. G., & O'Connor, K. F. (1985). A modified procedure for esophageal fistulation of sheep. Journal of Range Management, 38(1), 88-90.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractEsophageal fistulation provides a well-documented standard for herbivore dietary composition studies against which other methods may be calibrated. Modified surgical procedures and animal husbandry practices are described which enabled esophageal fistulas to be fitted and maintained in free ranging sheep grazing improved mountain land pastures in New Zealand.