Livestock Grazing Influences on Community Structure, Fire Intensity, and Fire Frequency within the Douglas-Fir/Ninebark Habitat Type
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CitationZimmerman, G. T., & Neuenschwander, L. F. (1984). Livestock grazing influences on community structure, fire intensity, and fire frequency within the Douglas-fir/ninebark habitat type. Journal of Range Management, 37(2), 104-110.
PublisherSociety for Range Management
JournalJournal of Range Management
AbstractInfluences of livestock grazing on community structure, fire intensity, and normal fire frequency in the Douglas-fir/ninebark (Pseudotsuga menziesii/Physocarpus malvaceus) habitat type were studied at the University of Idaho's experimental forest in northern Idaho. Livestock grazing caused increased tree numbers, decreased production, cover, and frequency of major palatable grasses, and altered dominance of shrub and forb species. Grazing influences on community structure were increased accumulation of downed woody fuel in every size class, increased forest floor duff, and decreased herbaceous fuels. Livestock grazing influences were discussed in light of their significance in potential fire intensity and fire frequency in Douglas-fir forest communities.